How Is Nutrition Transition Affecting Dietary Adequacy in Eeyouch (Cree) Adults of Northern Quebec, Canada?

How is nutrition transition affecting dietary adequacy in Eeyouch (Cree) adults of Northern Quebec, Canada?

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2013 Mar; 38(3): 300-5
Johnson-Down LM, Egeland GM

Rapid development, including the building of hydroelectric projects and roads in remote areas of Northern Quebec, Canada, has led to concerns about the contamination of traditional foods (TF) and a transition to a diet characterized by increased commercial food intake. A cross-sectional study of 850 Cree adults, aged ?19 years, from 7 of the 9 Eeyouch communities was conducted during the spring and summer seasons of 2005-2008. Anthropometric measures were collected. TF and dietary intake were assessed using food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and 24-h recalls. Obesity was high, with 77% of the women and 64% of the men classified as obese. Past-year TF consumption was 100%, and 41% of participants reported eating TF on the 24-h recall. TF intake as reported on both the FFQs and the 24-h recalls was higher in individuals aged >50 years of age and in men, relative to younger adults and women, respectively. TF consumption increased protein, vitamin D, iron, and magnesium in all individuals, and energy, cholesterol, magnesium, sodium, and zinc in men aged 19-50 years; it decreased vitamin C in men and women aged ?51 years. Participants reported drinking a mean daily 0.78 ± 1.34 cans of soft drinks or other high-sugar beverages per day or 5.28% ± 8.92% of total energy. It is important to identify behaviours that are contributing to obesity and its health consequences in this population and to find culturally appropriate ways to promote the consumption of TF and to reduce the consumption of energy-dense and nutrient-poor beverages and food items. HubMed – eating


Anisakiasis in China: The First Clinical Case Report.

Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2013 Mar 28;
Qin Y, Zhao Y, Ren Y, Zheng L, Dai X, Li Y, Mao W, Cui Y

Abstract Anisakiasis is a parasitic disease acquired by humans when ingesting raw or undercooked fish infected with L3 larvae of the nematode genus Anisakis or Pseudoterranova. Here we report the first case of human anisakiasis in China. The patient, male, 56 years old, Dalian citizen, was admitted into the hospital with vomiting, peripheral umbilicus and abdominal distension, and frequent mucous diarrhea. The patient was examined using an electronic gastroscope, which displayed a parasite residing in the stomach, and subsequently gastroscope-assisted surgery was implemented. A white round worm was removed from the patient and stained. It was identified as L3 larvae of Anisakis. After the removal of the L3 larvae of Anisakis, the inflammation symptoms disappeared. As the first report of clinical case of Anisakis infection in China, the morphology of L3 Anisakis larvae from the patient is described and discussed. We conclude that anisakiasis should be considered in patients who have a habit of eating raw fish and who display associated symptoms. HubMed – eating


Responses of protists with different feeding habits to the changes of activated sludge conditions: a study based on biomass data.

J Environ Sci (China). 2012; 24(12): 2127-32
Hu B, Qi R, An W, Yang M

Changes of protists, which were categorized into different functional groups primarily according to their feeding habits, in two full-scale municipal wastewater treatment systems experiencing sludge bulking were investigated over a period of 14 months. Protist biomass represented 3.7% to 5.2% of total biomass on average under normal sludge conditions, and the percentage increased significantly (p < 0.05) under sludge bulking conditions. The biomass of Chilodonella spp., capable of eating filamentous bacteria, tended to decrease in both systems when sludge bulking occurred, showing that the abnormal growth of filamentous bacteria did not lead to a biomass bloom of this group of protists. On the other hand, the bactivorous protists represented more than 96% of total protist biomass, and the biomass of this group, particularly the attached ciliates, increased significantly (p < 0.05) when sludge bulking occurred. The significant increase of the attached ciliates may have possibly facilitated the growth of filamentous bacteria through selectively preying on non-filamentous bacteria and further exacerbated sludge bulking. The redundancy analysis and correlation analysis results showed that the biomass changes of the attached ciliates were primarily related to the sludge volume index and to some extent related to five-day biochemical oxygen demand loading and hydraulic retention time. HubMed – eating



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