Heart-Healthy Exercise.

Heart-healthy exercise.

Circulation. 2013 Apr 30; 127(17): e571-2
Mellett LH, Bousquet G

HubMed – rehab


Systematic Review of Upper-limb Function Measurement Methods in Botulinum Toxin Intervention for Focal Spasticity.

Physiother Res Int. 2013 Apr 30;
Ashford S, Turner-Stokes L

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This paper aimed to select studies evaluating botulinum toxin (BoNT) intervention applied for upper-limb spasticity and from these identify outcome measures that are a) applicable in the hemiparetic upper limb and b) include evaluation of functional outcome in the context of everyday real-life activities. METHODS: A systematic search was used to identify peer-reviewed papers evaluating BoNT intervention for focal spasticity management in the upper limb. From these papers, outcome evaluation methods were identified, which attempted to capture ‘active function’ improvement (functional use of the hand and/or arm) or passive function improvement (care for the affected limb, for example to maintain hygiene and dress or support the arm). RESULTS: The search yielded 411 studies. Seventy papers were identified following a final review of the abstracts as potentially including evaluation of functional outcome (active and/or passive function). Following the review of the papers, a total of 22 studies contained specific methods for evaluating functional outcome in the upper limb. DISCUSSION: Three different patient-focused methods to evaluate functional outcome following focal spasticity intervention using BoNT have been identified: 1) use of patient report of upper-limb items (including the Leeds Adult Spasticity Impact Scale and the Disability Assessment Scale), 2) use of a composite measure of function incorporating functional items and 3) Goal Attainment Scaling. None of these methods fully address evaluation of functional outcome in this context but may go some way to recording these improvements. An alternative or complementary measure, recently published, is the Arm Activity Measure for evaluation of active and passive function in this context. The Arm Activity Measure addresses active and passive function changes from the perspective of patients and carers and has been developed for application in this context. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. HubMed – rehab


Characterization of chondrocyte scaffold carriers for cell-based gene therapy in articular cartilage repair.

J Biomed Mater Res A. 2013 Apr 29;
Shui W, Yin L, Luo J, Li R, Zhang W, Zhang J, Huang W, Hu N, Liang X, Deng ZL, Hu Z, Shi LL, Luu HH, Haydon RC, He TC, Ho SH

Articular cartilage lesions in the knee are common injuries. Chondrocyte transplant represents a promising therapeutic modality for articular cartilage injuries. Here, we characterize the viability and transgene expression of articular chondrocytes cultured in three-dimensional scaffolds provided by four types of carriers. Articular chondrocytes are isolated from rabbit knees and cultured in four types of scaffolds: type I collagen sponge, fibrin glue, hyaluronan, and open-cell polylactic acid (OPLA). The cultured cells are transduced with adenovirus expressing green fluorescence protein (AdGFP) and luciferase (AdGL3-Luc). The viability and gene expression in the chondrocytes are determined with fluorescence microscopy and luciferase assay. Cartilage matrix production is assessed by Alcian blue staining. Rabbit articular chondrocytes are effectively infected by AdGFP and exhibited sustained GFP expression. All tested scaffolds support the survival and gene expression of the infected chondrocytes. However, the highest transgene expression is observed in the OPLA carrier. At 4 weeks, Alcian blue-positive matrix materials are readily detected in OPLA cultures. Thus, our results indicate that, while all tested carriers can support the survival of chondrocytes, OPLA supports the highest transgene expression and is the most conductive scaffold for matrix production, suggesting that OPLA may be a suitable scaffold for cell-based gene therapy of articular cartilage repairs. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2013. HubMed – rehab


[Early surgical rehabilitation due to modified exenteration technique].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2013 Apr; 230(4): 380-4
Wirth-Welle RB, Chaloupka K

Background: Orbital exenteration is a life intruding surgical procedure with severe functional, aesthetic and psychological consequences. Apart from the correct tumor treatment, early aesthetic and psychosocial rehabilitation is crucial for the well-being of the patient. We discuss reasons leading to exenteration and present new surgical techniques. Local flaps in the anterior socket improve wound healing allowing early placement of the prosthesis and therefore faster social rehabilitation of the patient.Patients and Methods: Between 2007 and 2011 seven patients with malignant orbital tumors (1 × plasmocytoma, 1 × melanoma, 1 × sarcoma, 1 × squamous cell carcinoma and 3 × basal cell carcinoma) received a radical orbital exenteration at the Department of Ophthalmology of the Zurich University Hospital. The medical histories were evaluated according to reasons for exenteration, surgical techniques and postoperative follow-up.Reconstruction of the anterior socket border succeeded using local flaps (Mustardé, Glabella and combined with further modified pedicled local full thickness skin flaps). The central defects were covered with split skin graft from the thigh.Results: Three weeks after surgery the anterior border of the socket was completely healed without problems by local flaps with good blood supply. This allowed the early prosthetic fitting and wearing as well as quick social rehabilitation of the patient.Conclusions: The use of local flaps improves wound healing even in anticoagulated patients. This reduces the time of hospitalization and rehabilitation, and allows an early, satisfactory, social reintegration of the patient. HubMed – rehab