Health-Related Quality of Life in Obese Presurgery Patients With and Without Binge Eating Disorder, and Subdiagnostic Binge Eating Disorders.

Health-Related Quality of Life in Obese Presurgery Patients with and without Binge Eating Disorder, and Subdiagnostic Binge Eating Disorders.

J Obes. 2013; 2013: 878310
Sandberg RM, Dahl JK, Vedul-Kjelsås E, Engum B, Kulseng B, Mårvik R, Eriksen L

Objective. To study health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in obese presurgery patients with binge eating disorder (BED) and with subdiagnostic binge eating disorder (SBED) compared to patients without eating disorders or SBED. Method. Participants were patients referred to St. Olavs University Hospital, Norway, for bariatric surgery. Eating Disorders in Obesity (EDO) questionnaire was used to diagnose BED and SBED. Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) assessed health-related quality of life. Questionnaires were returned by 160 of 209 patients. The present study sample consisted of 143 patients (103 women and 40 men) as 17 patients did not complete the SF-12. Results. Patients with BED and patients with SBED both had significantly lower mental HRQoL, but not physical HRQoL, compared to patients without eating disorders. Discussion. The findings indicate that obese presurgery patients with BED, and also SBED, may have special treatment needs in regard to their mental health. HubMed – eating


Inpatients with Severe Anorexia Nervosa and Their Siblings: Non-shared Experiences and Family Functioning.

Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2013 Apr 10;
Dimitropoulos G, Freeman VE, Bellai K, Olmsted M

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were the following: to identify perceptions of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and their siblings regarding differential experiences within and external to the family including sibling interactions, parental treatment, relationships with peers and events that are unique to each sibling; (2) to compare how patients and their siblings perceive eating disorder symptoms, parental affection/control, social support and stigma; and (3) to test associations with family functioning for patients with AN and their siblings. METHOD: A total of 26 patients paired with their siblings were recruited from an Eating Disorder Program and administered standardized instruments measuring different experiences within and external to the family, the impact of eating disorder behaviours, stigma, social support and family functioning. RESULTS: Patients rated high on the differential experience of jealousy in contrast to their siblings. Patients scored higher than their siblings on eating symptoms, whereas siblings scored higher on social support. The impact of AN on the family, stigma towards the individual and family, and social support accounted for 37% of the variance in family functioning from the sibling perspective after controlling for age and gender. Of these variables, impact of AN on the family made the largest contribution. DISCUSSION: Family-based and sibling-based interventions that aim to reduce the effects of the illness on the sibling relationship and the family are recommended. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association. HubMed – eating


Transoral Robotic Surgery for Oropharyngeal Cancer: Long-term Quality of Life and Functional Outcomes.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Apr 10; 1-9
Dziegielewski PT, Teknos TN, Durmus K, Old M, Agrawal A, Kakarala K, Marcinow A, Ozer E

IMPORTANCE Because treatment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), especially in patients of older age, is associated with decreased patient quality of life (QOL) after surgery, demonstration of a less QOL-impairing treatment technique would improve patient satisfaction substantially. OBJECTIVE To determine swallowing, speech, and QOL outcomes following transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for OPSCC. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND SETTING This prospective cohort study of 81 patients with previously untreated OPSCC was conducted at a tertiary care academic comprehensive cancer center. INTERVENTIONS Primary surgical resection via TORS and neck dissection as indicated. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Patients were asked to complete the Head and Neck Cancer Inventory (HNCI) preoperatively and at 3 weeks as well as 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Swallowing ability was assessed by independence from a gastrostomy tube (G-tube). Clinicopathologic and follow-up data were also collected. RESULTS Mean follow-up time was 22.7 months. The HNCI response rates at 3 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months were 79%, 60%, 63%, and 67% respectively. There were overall declines in speech, eating, aesthetic, social, and overall QOL domains in the early postoperative periods. However, at 1 year post TORS, scores for aesthetic, social, and overall QOL remained high. Radiation therapy was negatively correlated with multiple QOL domains (P < .05 for all comparisons), while age older than 55 years correlated with lower speech and aesthetic scores (P < .05 for both). Human papillomavirus status did not correlate with any QOL domain. G-tube rates at 6 and 12 months were 24% and 9%, respectively. Greater extent of TORS (>1 oropharyngeal site resected) and age older than 55 years predicted the need for a G-tube at any point after TORS (P < .05 for both). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Patients with OPSCC treated with TORS maintain a high QOL at 1 year after surgery. Adjuvant treatment and older age tend to decrease QOL. Patients meeting these criteria should be counseled appropriately. HubMed – eating


Sex and dieting modify the association between emotional eating and weight status.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Apr 10;
Péneau S, Ménard E, Méjean C, Bellisle F, Hercberg S

BACKGROUND: Unlike other psychological correlates of weight status, emotional eating (EmE) has received relatively limited attention in the literature. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the association between the EmE score and weight status and the influence of sex and dieting on this association. DESIGN: A total of 8580 men and 27,061 women aged ?18 y who participated in the NutriNet-Santé cohort study were selected in this cross-sectional analysis. Self-reported weight and height, EmE scores of the revised 21-item version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire, and dieting status data were collected. The relation between EmE and weight status was estimated by using multiple linear and logistic regression models adjusted for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Interactions of EmE with sex and dieting history were assessed. RESULTS: Median EmE scores were greater in women than in men and in former or current dieters than in subjects without a history of dieting. Strong associations appeared between the EmE score and weight status in most categories of sex × dieting status. The strongest associations between EmE and weight status were observed in women, particularly in never dieters [body mass index slope (95% CI): 2.61 (2.43, 2.78); overweight OR (95% CI): 5.06 (4.24, 6.05)]. CONCLUSIONS: These observations support the existence of an association between EmE and weight status. The effect modification of sex and dieting on the EmE score and on the association of the EmE score with weight status should be taken into account in obesity prevention. HubMed – eating



Everybody Knows Somebody – eating disorders are more common than you think – During Eating Disorders Awareness Week 11-17 February 2013 we are spreading the message that Everybody Knows Somebody – eating disorders are …