Health and Mental Health Needs of Children in US Military Families.

Health and Mental Health Needs of Children in US Military Families.

Pediatrics. 2013 May 27;
Siegel BS, Davis BE,

The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have been challenging for US uniformed service families and their children. Almost 60% of US service members have family responsibilities. Approximately 2.3 million active duty, National Guard, and Reserve service members have been deployed since the beginning of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq (2001 and 2003, respectively), and almost half have deployed more than once, some for up to 18 months’ duration. Up to 2 million US children have been exposed to a wartime deployment of a loved one in the past 10 years. Many service members have returned from combat deployments with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and traumatic brain injury. The mental health and well-being of spouses, significant others, children (and their friends), and extended family members of deployed service members continues to be significantly challenged by the experiences of wartime deployment as well as by combat mortality and morbidity. The medical system of the Department of Defense provides health and mental health services for active duty service members and their families as well as activated National Guard and Reserve service members and their families. In addition to military pediatricians and civilian pediatricians employed by military treatment facilities, nonmilitary general pediatricians care for >50% of children and family members before, during, and after wartime deployments. This clinical report is for all pediatricians, both active duty and civilian, to aid in caring for children whose loved ones have been, are, or will be deployed. HubMed – depression


Prognosticators and the relationship of depression and quality of life in head and neck cancer.

Indian J Cancer. 2013 Jan-Mar; 50(1): 14-20
Chiou WY, Lee MS, Ho HC, Hung SK, Lin HY, Su YC, Lee CC

Background and Purpose: To evaluate the relationship of emotional status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in disease-free head and neck cancer (HNC) patients post treatment and to explore their predictive factors. Materials and Methods: Seventy-three HNC patients, post treatment at least 1 year, were recruited to complete three questionnaires, EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC-H&N35 cancer module, and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Results: Patients with depression demonstrated significantly poor global health status/QoL (score 41.7 vs. 71.9, P<0.001) and almost all functioning, except for role functioning. Besides, depressive patients presented statistically significant worse symptoms in all QLQ-C30 items, except constipation and financial problems, and in all QLQ-H&N35 symptoms except for teeth and coughing problems. Depression was significantly negative correlated with all functional scales and global health status/QoL (r = -0.341 to -0.750, all P<0.05), and was significantly positive correlated with symptom scales (r = 0.348 to 0.793, all P<0.05), except for constipation. Stepwise multiple linear regression analyses showed that physical functioning and physical distressful symptoms play an important role in the perception of HRQOL (total 46% explained). Global health status and impaired social functioning could explain depression in addition to emotional functioning (total 64% explained). Conclusions: HNC patients with depression were noted to have poorer HRQOL in almost every functioning symptom. HNC patients may get benefit from early interventions to improve HRQOL, emotional status, or both by a more rapid and friendly questionnaire to earlier identify patients with poor HRQOL or depressive status. HubMed – depression


Low socioeconomic status and mental health outcomes in colorectal cancer survivors: disadvantage? advantage? … or both?

Psychooncology. 2013 May 28;
Andrykowski MA, Aarts MJ, van de Poll-Franse LV, Mols F, Slooter GD, Thong MS

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and both positive and negative mental health (MH) outcomes in a population-based sample of colorectal cancer survivors. On the basis of theoretical conceptualizations of trauma and posttraumatic growth, low SES was hypothesized to be positively associated with both greater negative MH outcomes (e.g., distress) and greater positive MH outcomes (e.g., growth). METHODS: Colorectal cancer survivors (n?=?1300; 57% male; mean age 69.4 and 4.0?years post-diagnosis) were recruited using a regional, population-based cancer registry in the Netherlands and completed a questionnaire assessing current negative and positive MH outcomes. Low, medium, and high SES respondents were identified using an area-level indicator of SES based on aggregated individual fiscal data on monetary home value and household income. RESULTS: Analysis of covariance and logistic regression analyses indicated that low SES was a risk factor for greater negative MH outcomes. Relative to high SES survivors, low SES survivors reported poorer status on nine indices of MH, and high SES survivors were about 50% less likely to report clinically important levels of anxiety and depression. Results provided partial support for the hypothesis low SES was a ‘risk’ factor for greater positive MH outcomes. Relative to high SES survivors, low SES survivors reported greater positive MH outcomes on 2 of 5 positive MH indices examined (Positive Self-Evaluation, Meaning of Cancer). CONCLUSIONS: Study findings are the first to suggest that low SES might increase the likelihood of both greater negative as well as positive MH outcomes in cancer survivors. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. HubMed – depression


Anxiety, depression and defense mechanisms associated with treatment decisional preferences and quality of life in non-metastatic breast cancer: a 1-year prospective study.

Psychooncology. 2013 May 27;
Hyphantis T, Almyroudi A, Paika V, Degner LF, Carvalho AF, Pavlidis N

OBJECTIVE: Treatment decisional preferences impact breast cancer patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and may relate to psychological variables, although many aspects of this relationship remain unknown. This prospective study aimed to assess psychological correlates of treatment decisional preferences and predictors of HRQoL in women with early non-metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: Of the 124 women initially assessed for anxiety (Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and depressive (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D)) symptoms, HRQoL (WHOQOL-BREF), and defense mechanisms (Life Style Index), 82 (66.1%) completed the 1-year follow-up. Mean age was 54.6?years (SD?=?9.76), and mean disease duration was 19.4?months (SD?=?25.55); 19.5% had stage I, 63.4% stage II and 17.1% stage III disease. The predictive power and moderator effects of psychological variables were tested using multiple and hierarchical regression models. RESULTS: Depressive symptoms and physical HRQoL improved significantly, state anxiety and mental and environment HRQoL remained stable, and social relations HRQoL deteriorated over the 1-year period. Older age (p?=?0.021) and higher scores in repression defense (p?=?0.044) were independently associated with passive decisional preferences. Earlier stage of cancer (p?=?0.043), lower state anxiety (p?=?0.039), lower repression scores (p?=?0.021) and improvement in depressive symptoms (p?HubMed – depression



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