Guest Editorial: From Neuroscience to Neuro-Rehabilitation: Transferring Basic Neuroscientific Principles From Laboratory to Bedside.

Guest Editorial: From neuroscience to neuro-rehabilitation: transferring basic neuroscientific principles from laboratory to bedside.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2013 Jan 21; 10(1): 6
Koenig A, Luft A, Cajigas I

ABSTRACT: Several new approaches for treatment of Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders are currently under investigation, including the use of rehabilitation training strategies, which are often combined with electrical and/or pharmacological modulation of spinal locomotor circuitries. While these approaches show great promise in the laboratory setting, there still exists a large gap in knowledge on how to transfer these treatments to daily clinical use. This thematic series presents a cross section of cutting edge approaches with the goal of transferring basic neuroscience principles from the laboratory to the proverbial “bedside”.
HubMed – rehab


Outcomes of tongue-pressure strength and accuracy training for dysphagia following acquired brain injury.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2013 Jan 22;
Steele CM, Bailey GL, Polacco RE, Hori SF, Molfenter SM, Oshalla M, Yeates EM

The purpose of this study was to measure treatment outcomes in a group of six adults with chronic dysphagia following acquired brain injury, who each completed 24 sessions of tongue-pressure resistance training, over a total of 11-12 weeks. The treatment protocol emphasized both strength and accuracy. Biofeedback was provided using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument. Amplitude accuracy targets were set between 20-90% of the patient’s maximum isometric pressure capacity. Single subject methods were used to track changes in tongue strength (maximum isometric pressures), with functional swallowing outcomes measured using blinded ratings of a standard pre- and post-treatment videofluoroscopy protocol. Improvements were seen in post-treatment measures of tongue pressure and penetration-aspiration. No improvements were seen in pharyngeal residues, indeed worsening residue was seen in some patients.
HubMed – rehab


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