Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Body Mass Index: A Quantile Regression Approach.

Fruit and vegetable consumption and body mass index: a quantile regression approach.

J Prim Care Community Health. 2012 Jul 1; 3(3): 210-20
Azagba S, Sharaf MF

Empirical evidence on the relationship between consumption of fruits and vegetables and body weight is inconclusive. Previous studies mostly use linear regression methods to study the correlates of the conditional mean of body mass index (BMI). This approach may be less informative if the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and BMI significantly varies across the BMI distribution.The association between fruit and vegetable consumption and the BMI is examined using quantile regression.A nationally representative sample of 11,818 individuals from the Canadian Community Health Survey (2004) is used. A quantile regression model is estimated to account for the potential heterogeneous association between fruit and vegetable intake and BMI at different points of the conditional BMI distribution. The analyses are stratified by gender.The multivariate analyses reveal that the association between fruit and vegetable intake and BMI is negative and statistically significant for both males and females; however, this association varies across the conditional quantiles of the BMI distribution. In particular, the estimates are larger for individuals at the higher quantiles of the distribution. The ordinary least squares (OLS) model overstates (understates) the association between FV intake and BMI at the lower (higher) half of the conditional BMI distribution.Findings of the standard models that assume uniform response across different quantiles of BMI distribution may be misleading. The findings of this paper suggest that increasing the intake of fruits and vegetables may be an effective dietary strategy to control weight and mitigate the risk of obesity. HubMed – eating


Assessment of daily food and nutrient intake in Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients using dietary reference intakes.

Nutrients. 2013; 5(7): 2276-88
Kobayashi Y, Hattori M, Wada S, Iwase H, Kadono M, Tatsumi H, Kuwahata M, Fukui M, Hasegawa G, Nakamura N, Kido Y

Medical nutrition therapy for the management of diabetes plays an important role in preventing diabetes complications and managing metabolic control. However, little is known about actual eating habits of individuals with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM), especially in Japan. Therefore, we sought to (1) assess the dietary intake of individuals with T2DM, and (2) characterize their intake relative to national recommendations. This cross-sectional study involved 149 patients (77 males and 72 females) aged 40-79 years with T2DM recruited at a Kyoto hospital. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire. Under-consumption, adequacy, and over-consumption, of nutrients were compared to the age- and sex-based standards of the Japanese Dietary Reference Intakes. Among the results, most notable are (1) the inadequacy of diets in men with respect to intake of vitamins and minerals, likely owing to low intake of vegetables and fruits; (2) excess contributions of fat intake to total energy in both sexes; and (3) excess consumption of sweets and beverages relative to the national average. The prevalence of diabetes complications may be increasing because of a major gap between the typical dietary intake of individuals with T2DM and dietary recommendation. HubMed – eating


A procurement-based pathway for promoting public health: Innovative purchasing approaches for state and local government agencies.

J Public Health Policy. 2013 Jun 27;
Noonan K, Miller D, Sell K, Rubin D

Through their purchasing powers, government agencies can play a critical role in leveraging markets to create healthier foods. In the United States, state and local governments are implementing creative approaches to procuring healthier foods, moving beyond the traditional regulatory relationship between government and vendors. They are forging new partnerships between government, non-profits, and researchers to increase healthier purchasing. On the basis of case examples, this article proposes a pathway in which state and local government agencies can use the procurement cycle to improve healthy eating.Journal of Public Health Policy advance online publication, 27 June 2013; doi:10.1057/jphp.2013.30. HubMed – eating


[Research on functional dyspepsia prevalence and related factors of naval].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2013 May; 31(5): 361-5
Cui LH, Yan ZH, Peng LH, Yu L, Yang YS

To analyze functional dyspepsia prevalence and associated factors of naval forces.By stratified random cluster sampling method, conducted a questionnaire survey and diagnosis of functional dyspepsia to 11 520 military sea forces, and analyzed risk in clinical factors. Large sample size of 3084 cases in the diagnosis of functional dyspepsia, analyzed correlation of the selected 100 patients by single sample random sampling method.Naval forces, functional dyspepsia prevalence was 29.27% (3084/10537), and logistic regression analysis showed that job factors of military service, military rank, the nature of the work, the training intensity, training environmental P = 0.028, 0.023, 0.000, 0.000, 0.014, OR = 10.308, 6.288, 22.504, 26.720, 9.825; life factors of daily water intake, eating fruits and frequency of sleep time, spicy eating habits, drinking history factors P = 0.000, 0.012, 0.025, 0.017, 0.027, OR = 28.467, 20.335, 11.358, 10.249, 9.578; psychological factors, depression, anxiety factor P = 0.024, 0.019, OR = 16.878, 18.025;generally age, gender, ethnicity, BMI index, gastrointestinal history, history of drug, educational background, geographic factors P = 0.042, 0.033, 0.417, 0.000, 0.000, 0.012, 0.392, 0.440, OR = 3.406, 7.511, 2.643, 42.073, 88.457, 21.680, 1.752, 5.561.When value of P < 0.05, clinical risk factors were screened. Clinical symptom scores and work, life factor score and SAS, SDS score of randomly selected patient samples was positively correlated, r = 0.816, 0.763, 0.795, 0.923, P = 0.000, indicating statistically significant.Naval forces functional dyspepsia prevalence was higher than the general population, which risk factors included work, life, psychological, physical fitness factors, closely related with military service and military personnel, military rank, the nature of the work, the training intensity and environment, eating habits, daily sleep time, drinking history, depression, anxiety level, age, gender, BMI index, history of gastrointestinal disease, use of drugs, high priority should be given to the risk factors listed above, the development of rational targeted programs to strengthen the cause of prevention measures. HubMed – eating



Gymnastics and Eating Disorders 8th grade project – This is my 8th grade project final video. It is about gymnastics and eating disorders.