Feasibility of a Symptom Management Intervention for Adolescents Recovering From a Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant.

Feasibility of a Symptom Management Intervention for Adolescents Recovering From a Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant.

Cancer Nurs. 2013 Jul 9;
Rodgers CC, Krance R, Street RL, Hockenberry MJ

Adolescents undergoing a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) experience a variety of adverse effects and eating difficulties. Few interventions exist to assist patients with self-care after HSCT hospitalization. The Eating After Transplant (EAT!) program is a mobile phone applications developed to assist adolescents with self-management of common eating-related issues during HSCT recovery.This study examined the acceptability and usability of the EAT! program among adolescents and assessed the competency of the participants using the program after hospital discharge through the first 100 days after HSCT.A repeated-measures design was used to evaluate the EAT! application with 16 adolescent patients recovering from an allogeneic HSCT. Participants provided verbal feedback and used a Likert scale to rate acceptability and usability of the application. In addition, a tracking device monitored use of the application. Competency was measured with orientation time and independent demonstration of use of the application.Acceptability remained high throughout the study, but use significantly decreased over time. Patients reported familiarity with the program’s content as the reason for the declining use. Competency was excellent with a short orientation period and independent demonstration throughout the study.A mobile phone application is a feasible intervention to educate adolescents with symptom management strategies. Future research needs to examine factors affecting sustainability of use over time.Healthcare providers need to continue to develop and evaluate innovative methods to educate adolescents on effective self-care strategies throughout HSCT recovery. HubMed – eating


Pre-existing medical conditions associated with Vibrio vulnificus septicaemia.

Epidemiol Infect. 2013 Jul 10; 1-4
Menon MP, Yu PA, Iwamoto M, Painter J

SUMMARY Vibrio vulnificus (Vv) can result in severe disease. Although pre-existing liver disease is a recognized risk factor for serious infection, the relative importance of other comorbidities has not been fully assessed. We analysed reports of Vv infections submitted to CDC from January 1988 to September 2006 in order to assess the role of pre-existing conditions contributing to severe outcomes. A total of 1212 patients with Vv infection were reported. Only patients with liver disease [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 5·1)] were more likely to become septic when exposure was due to contaminated food. Patients with liver disease (aOR 4·1), a haematological disease (aOR 3·2), or malignancy (aOR 3·2) were more likely to become septic when infection was acquired via a non-foodborne exposure. As such, patients with these pre-existing medical conditions should be advised of the risk of life-threatening illness after eating undercooked contaminated seafood or exposing broken skin to warm seawater. HubMed – eating


Patient preference for psychological vs pharmacologic treatment of psychiatric disorders: a meta-analytic review.

J Clin Psychiatry. 2013 Jun; 74(6): 595-602
McHugh RK, Whitton SW, Peckham AD, Welge JA, Otto MW

Evidence-based practice involves the consideration of efficacy and effectiveness, clinical expertise, and patient preference in treatment selection. However, patient preference for psychiatric treatment has been understudied. The aim of this meta-analytic review was to provide an estimate of the proportion of patients preferring psychological treatment relative to medication for psychiatric disorders.A literature search was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Collaboration library through August 2011 for studies written in English that assessed adult patient preferences for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. The following search terms and subject headings were used in combination: patient preference, consumer preference, therapeutics, psychotherapy, drug therapy, mental disorders, depression, anxiety, insomnia, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, substance-related disorder, eating disorder, and personality disorder. In addition, the reference sections of identified articles were examined to locate any additional articles not captured by this search.Studies that assessed preferred type of treatment and included at least 1 psychological treatment and 1 pharmacologic treatment were included. Of the 644 articles identified, 34 met criteria for inclusion.Authors extracted relevant data including the proportion of participants reporting preference for psychological or pharmacologic treatment.The proportion of adult patients preferring psychological treatment was 0.75 (95% CI, 0.69-0.80), which was significantly higher than equivalent preference (ie, higher than 0.50; P < .001). Sensitivity analyses suggested that younger patients (P = .05) and women (P < .01) were significantly more likely to choose psychological treatment. A preference for psychological treatment was consistently evident in both treatment-seeking and unselected (ie, non-treatment-seeking) samples (P < .001 for both) but was somewhat stronger for unselected samples.Aggregation of patient preferences across diverse settings yielded a significant 3-fold preference for psychological treatment. Given evidence for enhanced outcomes among those receiving their preferred psychiatric treatment and the trends for decreasing utilization of psychotherapy, strategies to maximize the linkage of patients to preferred care are needed. HubMed – eating



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