[Evolution of the Diet From the Paleolithic to Today: Progress or Regress?]

[Evolution of the diet from the paleolithic to today: Progress or regress?]

Nephrol Ther. 2013 May 16;
Chauveau P, Fouque D, Combe C, Aparicio M

The changes in eating habits and decreased physical activity have been responsible for part of the high prevalence of chronic diseases such as hypertension or diabetes, currently observed in the so-called civilized societies. These diseases are less prevalent in previous civilizations and several decades of nutrition research have enabled better understanding of the eating habits of our ancestors, and have demonstrated the value of diet called “Mediterranean or Paleolithic”. This review provides an update on the latest research. What dietary changes since the Paleolithic period, and finally how can we adapt our current diet? Several animal studies or human clinical demonstrate the value of historical research and nutrition. HubMed – eating


WITHDRAWN: Having your cake and eating it too: A habit of comfort food may link chronic social stress exposure and acute stress-induced cortisol hyporesponsiveness.

Physiol Behav. 2013 May 16;
Laugero KD

Available online (Note: this date will be generated and inserted by the publishing platform and is not part of the typesetter’s XML and will not appear in the PDF version) This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy. HubMed – eating


Novel use of platysma for oral sphincter substitution or countering excessive pull of a free muscle.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013 May 16;
Terzis JK, Anesti K

BACKGROUND: The present study demonstrates our experience with a novel use of the Platysma in facial reanimation, as a balancing procedure by counteracting an overactive free muscle transfer, and improving oral continence by re-establishing the oral sphincter mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve patients, nine female (75%) and three male (25%), with a mean age of thirty-eight years (range: 2-66) are presented. Of these, in seven patients (58%) who had excessive excursion of the free muscle, the contralateral pedicled platysma was transferred to counteract the excessive pull. Four patients (33%) underwent bilateral platysma transfer for oral sphincter restoration, while one (8%) had ipsilateral platysma transfer. Evaluation of aesthetic and functional results was performed by a panel of three independent observers, and the long term efficacy of the procedure was assessed through a patient questionnaire. RESULTS: All patients demonstrated significant upgrading of their oral competence associated with eating, drinking and smiling, as it was confirmed by the behavioural analysis (p < 0.01). Six of the ten patients that were available, responded to the Quality of Life Questionnaire. Five out of six were satisfied with their mouth appearance when they smile and five patients have a regular diet and without drooling. CONCLUSION: A novel use of Platysma transposition is described that can substitute for a paralysed orbicularis oris muscle in restoring oral sphincter function or to counter balance an excessively active free muscle that was previously transferred for smile restoration. This novel Platysma transfer technique is intended to be used as an adjunct to other reanimation procedures. HubMed – eating


Body checking and avoidance in ethnically diverse female college students.

Body Image. 2013 May 16;
White EK, Warren CS

Although body checking and avoidance behaviors are common in women with eating disorders, minimal research has examined the nature or correlates of these behaviors in ethnically diverse female college students without eating disorders. Self-identified European American (n=268), Asian American (n=163), Latina (n=146), and African American (n=73) women completed self-report measures of body checking and avoidance, thin-ideal internalization, eating pathology, and clinical impairment. Results indicated that European and Asian American women reported significantly more body checking and avoidance than African American and Latina women. Generally, correlates of body checking and avoidance were consistent across ethnic groups: Regression analyses indicated that type of ethnicity predicted body checking and avoidance; and ethnicity, body checking, and body avoidance predicted eating pathology and clinical impairment. These associations suggest that body checking and avoidance are not benign behaviors in diverse nonclinical women. HubMed – eating