Estimating the Prevalence of Depression From EMRs.

Estimating the prevalence of depression from EMRs.

Can Fam Physician. 2013 Apr; 59(4): 445
Puyat JH, Marhin WW, Etches D, Wilson R, Martin RE, Sajjan KK, Wong ST

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[Occupational stress and mental health].

Epidemiol Prev. 2013 Jan-Feb; 37(1): 67-73
Gigantesco A, Lega I

One fifth of workers reports experiencing stress in the work environment in Europe.A number of studies show that psychosocial stressors in the workplace are associated with adverse physical and mental health outcomes, including symptoms of anxiety and depression. The present paper: briefly describes the characteristics of occupational stress and the main psychosocial stressful risk factors in the work environment; reports the main results of studies on psychosocial risk factors in the work environment as risk factor for common mental disorders; presents findings from an Italian study aimed at assessing prevalence of common mental disorders and workplace psychosocial stressors in a sample of hospital employees; provides the “Working conditions Questionnaire”, a validated self-administered instrument to assess perceived stress in the workplace; this questionnaire includes the assessment of organizational justice. HubMed – depression


{Omega}-3 fatty acid supplement use in the 45 and Up Study Cohort.

BMJ Open. 2013; 3(4):
Adams J, Sibbritt D, Lui CW, Broom A, Wardle J

There has been a dramatic increase in the use of dietary supplements in Western societies over the past decades. Our understanding of the prevalence of ?-3 fatty acid supplement consumption is of significance for future nutrition planning, health promotion and care delivery. However, we know little about ?-3 fatty acid supplement consumption or users. This paper, drawing upon the largest dataset with regard to ?-3 fatty acid supplement use (n=266 848), examines the use and users of this supplement among a large sample of older Australians living in New South Wales.A cross-sectional study. Data were analysed from the 45 and Up Study, the largest study of healthy ageing ever undertaken in the Southern Hemisphere.New South Wales, Australia.266 848 participants of the 45 and Up Study. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants’ use of ?-3, demographics (geographical location, marital status, education level, income and level of healthcare insurance) and health status (quality of life, history of smoking and alcohol consumption, health conditions) were measured.Of the 266 848 participants, 32.6% reported having taken ?-3 in the 4 weeks prior to the survey. Use of ?-3 fatty acid supplements was higher among men, non-smokers, non-to-mild (alcoholic) drinkers, residing in a major city, having higher income and private health insurance. Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, high cholesterol and anxiety and/or depression were positively associated with  ?-3 fatty acid supplement use, while cancer and high blood pressure were negatively associated with use of ?-3 fatty acid supplements.This study, analysing data from the 45 and Up Study cohort, suggests that a considerable proportion of older Australians consume ?-3 fatty acid supplements. There is a need for primary healthcare practitioners to enquire with patients about this supplement use and for work to ensure provision of good-quality information for patients and providers with regard to ?-3 fatty acid products. HubMed – depression


Factors associated with help-seeking behaviors in Mexican older individuals with depressive symptoms: a cross-sectional study.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2013 Apr 14;
Pérez-Zepeda MU, Arango-Lopera VE, Wagner FA, Gallo JJ, Sánchez-García S, Juárez-Cedillo T, García-Peña C

OBJECTIVE: Depression in the older individuals is associated with multiple adverse outcomes, such as high health service utilization rates, low pharmacological compliance, and synergistic interactions with other comorbidities. Moreover, the help-seeking process, which usually starts with the feeling “that something is wrong” and ends with appropriate medical care, is influenced by several factors. The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with the pathway of help seeking among older adults with depressive symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 60-year or older community dwelling individuals belonging to the largest health and social security system in Mexico was carried out. A standardized interview explored the process of seeking health care in four dimensions: depressive symptoms, help seeking, help acquisition, and specialized mental health. RESULTS: A total of 2322 individuals were studied; from these, 67.14% (n?=?1559) were women, and the mean age was 73.18?years (SD?=?7.02); 57.9% had symptoms of depression; 337 (25.1%) participants sought help, and 271 (80.4%) received help; and 103 (38%) received specialized mental health care. In the stepwise model for not seeking help (?(2) ?=?81.66, p?HubMed – depression