Employees’ Negative and Positive Work-Home Interaction and Their Association With Depressive Symptoms.

Employees’ negative and positive work-home interaction and their association with depressive symptoms.

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Am J Ind Med. 2012 Sep 19;
Nitzsche A, Jung J, Pfaff H, Driller E

BACKGROUND: Depression is the leading cause of disability and high costs worldwide. One possibility for preventing depression in the workplace, which has received little consideration so far, is the promotion of a successful balance between work and personal life. The aim of this study was to investigate employees’ negative and positive work-home interaction and their association with depressive symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the micro- and nanotechnology sector in Germany. A stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed using data from N?=?213 employees. RESULTS: The results suggest that while negative work-home interaction is associated with an increased risk for depressive symptoms, positive work-home interaction is correlated with a lower risk. Neither positive nor negative interaction in the home-to-work direction demonstrated a significant association with depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: When attempting to prevent mental illnesses, such as depression, it is important to develop strategies aimed at reducing conflict between work and personal life and promoting a positive exchange between these two domains. Am. J. Ind. Med. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Guilt by association: After enhanced interrogation, the data yield a confession.

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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2012 Oct 1; 80(4): 601-2
Morrison DA

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[Reflections on the management of deinstitutionalization process].

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Cien Saude Colet. 2012 Sep; 17(9): 2447-56
Lucena MA, Bezerra AF

This study addresses mental health and, based on a conceptual review, offers considerations on the management of deinstitutionalization processes regarding individuals interned in long-stay psychiatric institutions. Elements concerning asylum formation and logic are discussed, along with the mechanisms necessary for the effective change in paradigm and practices, with deinstitutionalization and psychosocial rehabilitation as the core issues. Reflections are offered regarding management actions committed to the psychosocial model, linking such actions to the application of the components of care and going beyond the articulation of the tools of mental health policy. Theoretical reflection offers suggestions referring to the qualification processes of mental health professionals, deinstitutionalization in the management of the Unified Health System and tripartite action with co-accountability in actions and financing. The final considerations recognize the bureaucratic obstacles in the public realm and propose facing these challenges as a management challenge, along with processes of change that can radically commit to the lives of people, thereby broadening the discussion to the ethical realm.
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