Emotional Eating and Food Intake After Sadness and Joy.

Emotional eating and food intake after sadness and joy.

Appetite. 2013 Mar 4;
Van Strien T, Cebolla A, Etchemendy E, Gutiérrez-Maldonado J, Ferrer-García M, Botella C, Baños R

Do people with a high score on a scale for eating in response to negative emotions also show high food intake in response to positive emotions? We studied these effects in 60 female students that were preselected on the basis of extreme high or low scores on an emotional eating questionnaire. Using a between subject design we experimentally tested the difference in food intake following a mood induction designed to induce joy or sadness (the joy vs. sad mood condition). The high and low emotional eaters did not differ in their food intake, but emotional eating significantly moderated the relationship between mood condition and food intake. Whereas low emotional eaters ate similar amounts after the sad and after the joy mood condition, high emotional eaters ate significantly more after the sad mood condition than after the joy mood condition. A further finding was that a similar moderator effect for emotional eating was found for intake of sweet food but not for intake of salty food. These findings would suggest that eating in response to negative and to positive emotions refer to two different constructs. HubMed – eating


Delivering a Behavior-Change Weight Management Program to Teachers and State Employees in North Carolina.

Am J Health Promot. 2013 Mar 7;
Dunn C, Whetstone LM, Kolasa KM, Jayaratne KS, Thomas C, Aggarwal S, Herget C, Rogers AB

Abstract Purpose. To ascertain the effectiveness of a behavior-change weight management program offered to teachers and state employees in North Carolina (NC). Design. Fifteen-week weight management program with premeasures and postmeasures. Setting. State agencies and public K-12 schools in five NC counties. Subjects. A total of 2574 NC state employees enrolled in 141 classes. Intervention. Eat Smart, Move More, Weigh Less (ESMMWL) is a 15-week weight management program delivered by trained instructors. Lessons inform, empower, and motivate participants to live mindfully as they make choices about eating and physical activity. Measures. Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, confidence in ability to eat healthy and be physically active, changes in eating, and physical activity behaviors. Analysis. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ?2 tests, and analyses of variance. Results. Data are reported for 1341 participants in ESMMWL who completed the program, submitted an evaluation, and had not participated in the program in the past; 89% were female and mean age was 48.8 years. Average BMI and waist circumference decreased significantly. Confidence in eating healthfully and being physically active increased significantly. The percentage of participants with a BMI < 30 kg/m2 increased from 40% to 45% and those with a normal blood pressure increased from 23% to 32.5%. Participants reported being more mindful of what and how much they ate (92%), being more mindful of how much daily physical activity they got (88%), and eating fewer calories (87.3%). Conclusion. This project demonstrated the feasibility of implementing a behavior change-based weight management program at the worksite to achieve positive outcomes related to weight, blood pressure, healthy eating, and physical activity behaviors. Programs such as this have the potential to provide health care cost savings. HubMed – eating


Recruitment and retention techniques for developing faith-based research partnerships, new york city, 2009-2012.

Prev Chronic Dis. 2013 Mar; 10:
Hippolyte JM, Phillips-Caesar EG, Winston GJ, Charlson ME, Peterson JC

Faith-based organizations are recognized as an influential venue for behavioral health interventions. However, less is known about efficient approaches for identifying and recruiting these organizations and about the processes that enable successful partnership.In 2007, 66% of Latinos and 70% of blacks in New York City reported being overweight or obese. Project SCALE (Small Changes and Lasting Effects) is a 5-year randomized behavioral weight loss intervention trial aimed to help black and Latino adults lose weight by making small changes in eating behaviors and daily leisure physical activity. The study partnered with faith-based organizations.Faith-based organizations were identified primarily through direct referrals. Recruitment consisted of screening faith-based organizations, establishing a memorandum of understanding, and intervention modification. Partnership maintenance occurred primarily via progress meetings.We identified processes that supported and impeded study recruitment and retention. Obtaining leadership support and using group orientation sessions were successful recruitment and retention processes. A balance must be found between leadership, advocacy, and causing members to feel pressured to participate in the study.Behavioral health interventions implemented in faith-based organizations can reduce health disparities. However, researchers must determine whether faith-based organizations have the capacity to partner in intensive interventions. Focusing on the establishment of strong partnerships at the onset will help ensure that mutual objectives are achieved and sustained long-term. HubMed – eating



MW3 Commentary: SUPPORTING EATING DISORDERS!? – I honestly don’t know why I decided to just whip out some recent gameplay and do a weird commentary over it, but hey, I guess we all have our moments huh? An…