Efficacy of Rimonabant in Obese Patients With Binge Eating Disorder.

Efficacy of rimonabant in obese patients with binge eating disorder.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2012 Nov 12;
Pataky Z, Gasteyger C, Ziegler O, Rissanen A, Hanotin C, Golay A

In obesity, a dysregulation of the endocannabinoid system has been shown. The endocannabinoid receptor blockage by rimonabant demonstrated interesting metabolic effects. However, the role of rimonabant in weight loss of patients with binge eating disorder has not been investigated. Thus, our aim was to evaluate the effects of rimonabant on body weight in obese patients with binge eating disorders.This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study included 289 obese subjects (age 18-70 years, body mass index 30-45?kg/m2) with binge eating disorders. Subjects were randomized (1:1) to receive rimonabant 20?mg/day or placebo for 6 months. In total, 289 participants (age: 43.2±10.5?yrs, 91% of women) were randomized. The completer rate was similar (71%) in both treatment and placebo groups. Participants treated with rimonabant lost 4.7±5.2% of their initial body weight, vs. 0.4±4.5% in the placebo group (difference between both groups: 4.4±0.6?kg, p<0.0001). The rimonabant group showed a greater reduction on the binge eating scale total score (mean±SD ?-?40.9±35.2%) vs. placebo (?-?29.9±34.6%, p=0.02). The incidence of treatment emergent adverse events was comparable in both the rimonabant (82.5%) and placebo (76.0%) group. Discontinuations due to treatment emergent adverse events occurred in 13.3% rimonabant-treated vs. 6.2% placebo-treated participants.In conclusion, this is the only randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial having assessed the effect of rimonabant in patients with binge eating disorders. The rimonabant treatment reduced body weight significantly more than placebo in obese subjects with binge eating.Trial registration number (clinicaltrials.gov): NCT00481975. HubMed – eating


Staging of mental disorders: systematic review.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Psychother Psychosom. 2013; 82(1): 20-34
Cosci F, Fava GA

Background: The staging method, whereby a disorder is characterized according to its seriousness, extension, development and features, is attracting increasing attention in clinical psychology and psychiatry. The aim of this systematic review was to critically summarize the tools that are available for reproducing and standardizing the clinical intuitions that are involved in a staging formulation. Methods: A comprehensive research was conducted on the MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE and Cochrane databases from inception to May 2012. The following search terms were used: ‘stage/staging’ AND ‘psychiatric disorder/mental disorder/schizophrenia/mood disorder/anxiety disorder/substance use disorder/eating disorder’. Results: A total of 78 studies were identified for inclusion in the review. We discussed studies addressing or related to the issue of staging in a number of mental disorders (schizophrenia, unipolar depression, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, substance use disorders, anorexia and bulimia nervosa). The literature indicates that disorders have a longitudinal development or a treatment history that can be categorized according to stages. We proposed staging formulations for the above-mentioned psychiatric disorders. Conclusion: Staging models offer innovative assessment tools for clinical psychologists and psychiatrists. Characterizing each stage of an illness demarcates major prognostic and therapeutic differences among patients who otherwise seem to be deceptively similar since they share the same psychiatric diagnosis. A stage 0 to denote an at-risk condition does not appear to be warranted at the current state of research.
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Eating behaviour in obese patients with melanocortin-4 receptor mutations: a literature review.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Int J Obes (Lond). 2012 Nov 13;
Valette M, Bellisle F, Carette C, Poitou C, Dubern B, Paradis G, Hercberg S, Muzard L, Clément K, Czernichow S

Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) mutations are the most common known cause of monogenic obesity and an important contributor to polygenic obesity. MC4R mutations with partial or total loss of function, as well as the variant rs17782313 mapped near MC4R, are positively associated with obesity. MC4R is involved in the leptin-melanocortin signalling system, located in hypothalamic nuclei, that controls food intake via both anorexigenic or orexigenic signals. Impairment in this receptor might affect eating behaviours. Thus, in the case of MC4R mutation carriers, obesity could be related, at least partly, to inadequate control over eating behaviours. Many published studies address eating behaviours in MC4R mutation carriers. Most studies focus on binge eating disorder, whereas others examine various aspects of intake and motivation. Up to now, no evaluation of this literature has been performed. In this review, we examine the available literature on eating behaviours in carriers of MC4R mutations and variant rs17782313 near MC4R gene. We address binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, mealtime hyperphagia, snacking, psychological factors, satiety responsiveness and intake of energy and macro/micronutrient. In a small number of studies, MC4R mutations seem to impair eating behaviours or motivation, but no clear causal effects can be found in the balance of the evidence presented. Improvements in methodologies will be necessary to clarify the behavioural effects of MC4R mutations.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 13 November 2012; doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.169.
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