Effect of a Low Glycaemic Index Diet in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Post-Natal Outcomes After 3 Months of Birth: A Pilot Follow-Up Study.

Effect of a low glycaemic index diet in gestational diabetes mellitus on post-natal outcomes after 3 months of birth: a pilot follow-up study.

Matern Child Nutr. 2013 May 3;
Louie JC, Markovic TP, Ross GP, Foote D, Brand-Miller JC

A low glycaemic index (LGI) diet during pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may offer benefits to the mother and infant pair beyond those during pregnancy. We aimed to investigate the effect of an LGI diet during pregnancy complicated with GDM on early post-natal outcomes. Fifty-eight women (age: 23-41 years; mean?±?SD pre-pregnancy body mass index: 24.5?±?5.6?kg?m(-2) ) who had GDM and followed either an LGI diet (n?=?33) or a conventional high-fibre diet (HF; n?=?25) during pregnancy had a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and blood lipid tests at 3 months post-partum. Anthropometric assessments were conducted for 55 mother-infant pairs. The glycaemic index of the antenatal diets differed modestly (mean?±?SD: 46.8?±?5.4 vs. 52.4?±?4.4; P?HubMed – eating