Eating Disorders: The Nutrition Needs of Low-Income Families Regarding Living Healthier Lifestyles: Findings From a Qualitative Study.

The nutrition needs of low-income families regarding living healthier lifestyles: Findings from a qualitative study.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

J Child Health Care. 2012 Nov 16;
Davis AM, Befort C, Steiger K, Simpson S, Mijares M

Pediatric obesity and nutrition-related problems continue to be problematic around the world. The purpose of the current qualitative study was to learn more about the barriers low-income, minority families face to healthy living and where they turn for health-related information. Five focus groups were conducted using open-ended standardized questions. Standardized transcript analysis and coding techniques were used to arrive at five saturated themes. The project was conducted in partnership with a community based Early/Head Start agency. Adult parents of preschool children were invited to participate. Results indicate that low-income minority families face many barriers to eating healthily: while families do eat some healthy foods, they also eat many unhealthy foods; they rely primarily on family members for their nutrition information; they have some desire to change their own health habits (but generally not those of their children); and they have inadequate nutritional knowledge. Options for better reaching this population with important health information are discussed.
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Erythema Ab igne in an adolescent with anorexia nervosa.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Int J Eat Disord. 2012 Nov 15;
Docx MK, Simons A, Ramet J, Mertens L

OBJECTIVE: A rare skin lesion, erythema ab igne (EAI) is presented, in an adolescent female with anorexia nervosa. METHOD: Clinical records of this patient were compared with a pubmed search about EAI in patients with an eating disorder. RESULTS: The patient presented with localized, spider-like, erythematous and hyperpigmented skin lesions on the lower abdomen and on both thighs. Repetitive exposure to heating pads can induce reticular and macular hyperpigmentation with telangiectases without squamation. Strict avoidance of heat is advised, because there is no effective treatment. DISCUSSION: EAI is described in patients with an eating disorder. Facing an increased pain threshold, prolonged heat exposure to treat a general feeling of cold, can induce this dermatosis. © 2012 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2012).
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Health behaviors contribute to quality of life in patients with advanced heart failure independent of psychological and medical patient characteristics.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Qual Life Res. 2012 Nov 18;
Bunyamin V, Spaderna H, Weidner G

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the contribution of health behaviors to quality of life (QoL) in heart transplant candidates. We examined physical activity, dietary habits, psychological, and medical patient characteristics as correlates of QoL among patients enrolled in the multisite Waiting for a New Heart Study. METHOD: QoL (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire), demographic variables, psychological variables (e.g., depression, coping styles), and health behaviors (physical activity, dietary habits) were assessed in 318 patients (82 % male, 53 ± 11 years) at the time of wait-listing and analyzed in 312 patients (excluding six underweight patients). Eurotransplant provided BMI and medical variables to compute the Heart Failure Survival Score (HFSS). Hierarchical multiple regression models were used to assess the independent contribution of health behaviors to QoL. RESULTS: The HFSS was unrelated to QoL. As expected, psychological characteristics (depression, anxiety, vigilant coping style) contributed to impaired QoL, accounting for 22.9, 35.9, and 12.9 % of the variance in total, emotional, and physical QoL, respectively. Physical inactivity further impaired QoL (total: 4.1 %, p < 0.001; physical: 7.4 %, p < 0.001). Dietary habits typically considered as unhealthy (i.e., infrequent consumption of fruits/vegetables/legumes; frequent intake of foods high in saturated fats) were related to enhanced physical QoL, but only among the overweight and obese patients. CONCLUSION: Lifestyle interventions to modify negative emotions and to increase physical activity could help to improve QoL in heart transplant candidates, regardless of their disease severity. The role of eating habits in QoL among obese and overweight patients needs further exploration. HubMed – eating



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