Eating Disorders: [Surveillance for Food Poisoning of Unknown Origin Derived From Fresh Seafood in Japan in 2009].

[Surveillance for food poisoning of unknown origin derived from fresh seafood in Japan in 2009].

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 2012 Sep; 59(9): 693-9
Yoshioka A, Sone K

The frequency of food poisoning from fresh seafood in Japan in 2009 and the regional characteristics and causative factors of such poisoning require investigation. In all cases, no bacterial or viral pathogens have been detected, although sliced raw flounder (sashimi) was suspected as being causative by the food sanitation inspectors. However, the cause of these poisonings is still unknown, and comprehensive approaches are required to completely understand the problem.In order to obtain information on these poisonings, we sent a questionnaire to all 136 autonomies in Japan. It was found that many patients had contracted such poisoning. Symptoms included vomiting/nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Symptoms generally began within 12 hours of eating fresh seafood and resolved by the next day. The period of this survey was from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2009. We analyzed the data by year and month and investigated the regional incidence.The response rate was 72.8% (99/136). Seventy autonomies answered “yes” and the remaining 29 answered “no.” There were 57 cases of definite and 171 cases of suspected food poisoning. Since 2003, the number of poisonings has increased annually, and they occur throughout the year, although they are most common in September in all autonomies. The highest incidence (53.9%) was reported for August, September, October, and November.Food poisoning of unknown origin from fresh seafood in Japan shows seasonal characteristics, being more common during the hot seasons than in the cold seasons. When a pathogenic substance is not discovered, it is very difficult to confirm food poisoning, which is why the number of suspected cases was 3 times that of the confirmed.
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Effectiveness of rhythmic movement therapy for disordered eating behaviors and obesity.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Span J Psychol. 2012 Nov; 15(3): 1371-87
Malkina-Pykh IG

The aims of the present study were: a) to examine associations between pre-treatment BMI, body dissatisfaction, perfectionism, alexithymia, and restraint, emotional and external eating behaviour in obese patients; b) to analyze the impact of the pre-treatment measures in psychological variables on the outcome of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program; c) to test the effectiveness of rhythmic movement therapy (RMT) in the treatment of disordered eating behaviors and obesity with the CBT non-responders. At the first stage of treatment a total of 104 patients (32 males and 72 females, mean age was 37.6 +/- 6.7 years) self-referred or referred by professionals to CBT weight management program were selected at random. At the second stage 58 obese CBT-non-responders were randomly divided among the continuing CBT individual treatment group and RMT group. Control group was included. Results revealed that: a) significant associations existed between pre-treatment BMI, external eating and two dimensions of perfectionism, as well as between emotional and external eating and all dimensions of perfectionism, alexithymia and body image dissatisfaction; b) pre-treatment means of psychological variables significantly impacted the CBT program outcome; c). the efficacy of RMT approach for weight reduction as well as for the improvement of psychological status for CBT-non-responders was confirmed.
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Well-being and prejudice toward obese people in women at risk to develop eating disorders.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Span J Psychol. 2012 Nov; 15(3): 1293-302
Magallares A

The literature has found that eating disorders (ED) patients usually have a depression and anxiety diagnosis. However, not many investigations have studied the relationship between ED and well-being. One of the main problems of patients with ED is their body image. These individuals usually see themselves too big but there are not many investigations that focus on how these patients see people with real weight problems. For this reason in this study it is analyzed how women in risk to develop ED see obese people. 456 female students were selected. It was found that women with high scores in the different subscales of the Eating Attitudes Test 26 (EAT-26; dieting, bulimia and oral control) had lower well-being (both subjective and psychological) and worse attitudes toward obese people (measured with Antifat Attitudes Test, AFA, Beliefs About Obese People Scale, BAOP, and Attitudes Toward Obese People Scale, ATOP) compared with women with low scores in the EAT-26.
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