Eating Disorders: Research and Clinical Findings–a Wholistic View.

Research and clinical findings–a wholistic view.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Int J Orofacial Myology. 2012 Nov; 38: 4-7
Hanson ML

Valuable information is available to clinicians both from research articles, and reports from clinicians. Both sources have limitations. Research, with the exception of longitudinal studies, tends to isolate a variable or two from the whole, limiting its usefulness. Clinical techniques reported are sometimes biased, and perform well for certain therapists in certain settings, and not so well for others. Interrelationships are important among variables such as dentition, anatomy, physiology, oral muscle functions, oral rest postures, eating, and speech. Each affects the others. Equally important are interrelationships among all the specialists who treat patients with orofacial myofunctional disorders. A wholistic approach to the evaluation and treatment of orofacial disorders is advocated.
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Neural Responses to Visual Food Cues: Insights from Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2013 Jan 24;
García-García I, Narberhaus A, Marqués-Iturria I, Garolera M, R?doi A, Segura B, Pueyo R, Ariza M, Jurado MA

The aim of this paper is to describe the patterns of functional magnetic resonance imaging activation produced by visual food stimuli in healthy participants, as well as in those with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder and obesity. We conducted a systematic review of studies published in the last decade on normal and abnormal eating. This review suggested the existence of neural differences in response to the sight of food between healthy individuals, those with an eating disorder and obese subjects. Differences were identified in two brain circuits: (i) limbic and paralimbic areas associated with salience and reward processes and (ii) prefrontal areas supporting cognitive control processes. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.
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A History of the Identification of the Characteristic Eating Disturbances of Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and Anorexia Nervosa.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Appetite. 2013 Jan 21;
Heaner MK, Timothy Walsh B

During the last 25 years, the careful examination of the eating behavior of individuals with eating disorders has provided critical insights into the nature of these disorders. Crucially, studies investigating components of different eating behaviors have documented that Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) are characterized by objective disturbances in eating patterns that are significantly different than behaviors exhibited by individuals who do not have these eating disorders. The detailed description of the disturbances in eating behavior has helped to identify diagnostic criteria associated with each disorder, and has led to important hypotheses about the underlying pathophysiology. These advances in understanding have provided, and continue to provide, a foundation for translational research and for the development of novel treatment interventions. This review is based on a presentation given by B. Timothy Walsh, M.D. at the 40(th) anniversary symposium of the Columbia University Appetite talks outlining the evolution of the discovery of the characteristic eating disturbances seen with each disorder.
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Karen Carpenter (The Carpenters) – We’ve Only Just Begun (1970) – Karen Carpenter (The Carpenters) – We’ve Only Just Begun (1970) “We’ve Only Just Begun” is a hit single by The Carpenters, written by Roger Nichols (music) and Paul Williams (lyrics), and is often used as a wedding song. The song was ranked at #405 on Rolling Stone magazine’s list of “The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time”. Released in the late summer of 1970, the single featured Karen’s lead vocals and the overdubbed harmonies of both siblings. Following their hit “(They Long to Be) Close to You” onto the charts, “We’ve Only Just Begun” reached #2 on the US Billboard Hot 100, becoming the pair’s second gold single and was considered by both Karen and Richard to be their signature song. According to The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits (6th edition), on the US Adult Contemporary singles chart, it was the duo’s best-performing tune, lasting seven weeks at #1 (beating the six-week stay at the top of “Close to You”). The song helped them to win two Grammy Awards in 1971. One was for the Best New Artist (The Carpenters), and the other was for Best Contemporary Performance by a Duo, Group, or Chorus (Close to You Karen Anne Carpenter (March 2, 1950 — February 4, 1983) was an American singer and drummer. She and her brother, Richard, formed the 1970s duo Carpenters, commonly called The Carpenters. She was a drummer whose skills earned her admiration from her peers, although she is most well known for her vocal performances of idealistic romantic ballads. Karen suffered from anorexia


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