Eating Disorders: Psychological Outcomes and Predictors of Initial Weight Loss Outcomes Among Severely Obese Adolescents Receiving Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding.

Psychological outcomes and predictors of initial weight loss outcomes among severely obese adolescents receiving laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

J Clin Psychiatry. 2012 Oct; 73(10): 1351-7
Sysko R, Devlin MJ, Hildebrandt TB, Brewer SK, Zitsman JL, Walsh BT

Elevated rates of psychopathology are noted among severely obese youth presenting for weight loss surgery. The role of mental health providers in this population is not well defined, and the selection of candidates is often the result of clinical judgment alone. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate psychiatric symptoms among a large sample of adolescents receiving laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) by (1) examining changes in depressive symptoms and quality of life in the year following surgery; (2) evaluating the interaction between patterns of change in depression, quality of life, and weight postsurgery; and (3) identifying presurgical psychological predictors of initial weight change.Participants were 101 severely obese adolescents aged 14 to 18 years receiving LAGB at the Center for Adolescent Bariatric Surgery at the Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of New York Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center between August 2006 and December 2009. Measures of height, weight, depressive symptoms, and quality of life were obtained in the first year following surgery. Changes in the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), and body mass index were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling.Short-term changes in psychiatric symptoms and weight were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. Significant changes in total BDI (?slope = -0.885, SE = 0.279, P < .01; ?quadratic = 0.054, SE = 0.021, P < .001) and PedsQL (?slope = -0.885, SE = 0.279, P < .001) scores were observed following LAGB, and comparable postoperative changes between psychosocial variables and body mass index were also noted (BDI: covariance [COV] = 0.21, SE = 0.06, P < .001; PedsQL: COV = -0.41, SE = 0.10, P < .01). Two variables (family conflict/loss of control eating) were found to be significant predictors of weight change over the year following surgery (P < .05).Adolescents experienced notable improvements in initial depressive symptoms and quality of life after LAGB, and measures of preoperative binge eating and family conflict affected postsurgery body mass index among identifier: NCT01045499. HubMed – eating


Undergrad and overweight: an online behavioral weight management program for college students.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

J Nutr Educ Behav. 2012 Nov; 44(6): 604-8
Harvey-Berino J, Pope L, Gold BC, Leonard H, Belliveau C

Explore the feasibility of an online behavioral weight management program for college students.The program focused on behavioral strategies to modify eating and exercise behaviors of students interested in losing weight and/or developing a healthy lifestyle. Specific tools included weekly chat meetings with a facilitator, calorie and fat gram recommendations, daily food logs, and exercise guidance.Three hundred thirty-six students participated from 2 northeastern universities. Overweight/obese students wanting to lose weight had a mean body mass index of 30.6 kg/m(2) at baseline and lost an average of 5.1 ± 6.0 lbs. Those of healthy weight wanting to lose weight had a mean body mass index of 22.0 kg/m(2) at baseline and lost an average of 1.8 ± 3.2 lbs. Twenty-three percent of students lost > 5% of their baseline weight.Use of an online behavioral weight management program may be a feasible way to help college students develop healthy eating and exercise behaviors.
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Osteosarcoma of the jaws: a review of literature and a case report on synchronous multicentric osteosarcomas.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

World J Surg Oncol. 2012 Nov 12; 10(1): 240
Nthumba PM

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In the head and neck region, osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor, representing 23% of total head and neck malignancies. Osteosarcomas of the jaws are nevertheless rare lesions, representing only 2 to 10% of all osteosarcomas. This report reviews a single-center histopathology experience with craniofacial osteosarcomas, and reports the management of unusually large synchronous mandibular and maxillary osteosarcomas in a patient.Patients and methodsA search of the hospital pathology database for specimens with a histological diagnosis of osteosarcomas submitted between July 1992 and May 2011 was made. A chart review of a patient with large synchronous maxillary and mandibular osteosarcomas was performed, and is reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 21-year-old African man with large maxillary and mandibular tumors under palliative care presented with increasing difficulties with eating, speech, and breathing. Surgical debulking was performed, with histology confirming synchronous osteosarcomas of the mandible and maxilla. The patient is well after one year, with no evidence of recurrence, having undergone no further treatment. CONCLUSION: Osteosarcomas of the jaw remain enigmatic, and a number of difficulties related to their diagnosis and treatment are yet to be resolved. True synchronous multicentric osteosarcomas of the jaws are extremely rare but, like other osteosarcomas of the jaws, have a favorable outcome, and palliative resection of such lesions, though challenging, can therefore lead to an enormously improved quality of life and self-image, and may even offer the opportunity for cure.
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