Eating Disorders: Prediction of Recovery, Dependence or Death in Elders Who Become Disabled During Hospitalization.

Prediction of Recovery, Dependence or Death in Elders Who Become Disabled During Hospitalization.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Sep 30;
Barnes DE, Mehta KM, Boscardin WJ, Fortinsky RH, Palmer RM, Kirby KA, Landefeld CS

BACKGROUND: Many older adults become dependent in one or more activities of daily living (ADLs: dressing, bathing, transferring, eating, toileting) when hospitalized, and their prognosis after discharge is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To develop a prognostic index to estimate one-year probabilities of recovery, dependence or death in older hospitalized patients who are discharged with incident ADL dependence. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 449 adults aged ? 70 years hospitalized for acute illness and discharged with incident ADL dependence. MAIN MEASURES: Potential predictors included demographics (age, sex, race, education, marital status), functional measures (ADL dependencies, instrumental activities of daily living [IADL] dependencies, walking ability), chronic conditions (e.g., congestive heart failure, dementia, cancer), reason for admission (e.g., neurologic, cardiovascular), and laboratory values (creatinine, albumin, hematocrit). Multinomial logistic regression was used to develop a prognostic index for estimating the probabilities of recovery, disability or death over 1 year. Discrimination of the index was assessed for each outcome based on the c statistic. KEY RESULTS: During the year following hospitalization, 36 % of patients recovered, 27 % remained dependent and 37 % died. Key predictors of recovery, dependence or death were age, sex, number of IADL dependencies 2 weeks prior to admission, number of ADL dependencies at discharge, dementia, cancer, number of other chronic conditions, reason for admission, and creatinine levels. The final prognostic index had good to excellent discrimination for all three outcomes based on the c statistic (recovery: 0.81, dependence: 0.72, death: 0.78). CONCLUSIONS: This index accurately estimated the probabilities of recovery, dependence or death in adults aged 70 years or older who were discharged with incident disability following hospitalization. This tool may be useful in clinical settings to guide care discussions and inform decision-making related to post-hospitalization care.
HubMed – eating


Prevalence and prognostic effect of sarcopenia in breast cancer survivors: the HEAL Study.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

J Cancer Surviv. 2012 Oct 4;
Villaseñor A, Ballard-Barbash R, Baumgartner K, Baumgartner R, Bernstein L, McTiernan A, Neuhouser ML

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and examine whether sarcopenia was associated with overall and breast-cancer-specific mortality in a cohort of women diagnosed with breast cancer (stages I-IIIA). METHODS: A total of 471 breast cancer patients from western Washington State and New Mexico who participated in the prospective Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle Study were included in this study. Appendicular lean mass was measured using dual X-ray absorptiometry scans at study inception, on average, 12 months after diagnosis. Sarcopenia was defined as two standard deviations below the young healthy adult female mean of appendicular lean mass divided by height squared (<5.45 kg/m(2)). Total and breast-cancer-specific mortality data were obtained from Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results registries. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models assessed the associations between sarcopenia and mortality. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 9.2 years; 75 women were classified as sarcopenic, and among 92 deaths, 46 were attributed to breast cancer. In multivariable models that included age, race-ethnicity/study site, treatment type, comorbidities, waist circumference, and total body fat percentage, sarcopenia was independently associated with overall mortality (hazard ratio (HR)?=?2.86; 95 % CI, 1.67-4.89). Sarcopenic women had increased risk of breast-cancer-specific mortality, although the association was not statistically significant (HR?=?1.95, 95 % CI, 0.87-4.35). CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia is associated with an increased risk of overall mortality in breast cancer survivors and may be associated with breast-cancer-specific mortality. The development of effective interventions to maintain and/or increase skeletal muscle mass to improve prognosis in breast cancer survivors warrants further study. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Such interventions may help breast cancer patients live longer. HubMed – eating


Preoperative Nutritional Interventions in Morbid Obesity: Impact on Body Weight, Energy Intake, and Eating Quality.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Obes Surg. 2012 Sep 29;
Melendez-Araújo MS, de Matos Arruda SL, de Oliveira Kelly E, de Carvalho KM

BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of preoperative weight loss and adequacy of dietary patterns in bariatric surgery is well-recognized, the nutritional strategies in the preoperative period have been scarcely investigated. We aimed to evaluate the impact of intensive and standard nutritional interventions on body weight, energy intake, and eating quality. METHODS: This is a retrospective study in which 32 patients undergoing intensive nutritional intervention, with low-calorie diet (10 kcal/kg) and biweekly visits, were pair-matched by age, sex, and body mass index with 32 patients under a standard nutritional intervention, based on a general dietary counseling. Twenty-four-hour food recall was used to assess energy intake and to derive healthy eating index (HEI). The follow-up preoperative period varied from 8 to 16 weeks. RESULTS: Weight loss was observed in 72 % of the patients from the intensive intervention group and 75 % of the patients from the standard intervention group. According to the mixed model analysis, time effect on weight loss in both groups was significant (P?=?0.0002); however, no difference was found between the intervention groups (P?=?0.71). The time effect was significant in both groups for energy intake reduction as well (P?HubMed – eating



Eating Disorder Awareness – I created this video as a project for a class and decided to upload it for eating disorders awareness week to make individuals aware of the horrible effects of eating disorders. Music is by Superchick.


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