Eating Disorders: Norms for the Spanish Version of the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (S-EDE-Q).

Norms for the Spanish version of the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (S-EDE-Q).

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Psicothema. 2013 Feb; 25(1): 107-14
Peláez-Fernández MA, Labrador FJ, Raich RM

Background: This study presents normative data on the Spanish Version of the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (S-EDE-Q) for adolescents and young adults in Spain. Method: A sample of 1,543 men and women, aged 12 – 21 years, completed the S-EDE-Q as part of a larger assessment battery. Results: Means, standard deviations, clinical significance and percentile ranks for the raw Restraint, Eating Concern, Shape Concern, and Weight Concern subscales and the Global Score by age group and gender are presented. Data on any and regular occurrences of dieting, bingeing and compensatory behaviors by age group and gender are reported. Compared with men, women scored higher on all the subscales and reported more key eating disorders (ED) and compensatory behavior. Compared with adolescents, young adults scored higher on the Restraint and Shape Concern subscales and reported more dietary restraint (DR), objective binge episodes (OBE) and diuretic misuse (DIUR). Conclusions: These results can help researchers and clinicians interpret the S-EDE-Q scores of adolescents and young adults in Spanish-speaking countries.
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Prevalence and sport-related predictors of disturbed eating attitudes and behaviors: Moderating effects of sex and age.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013 Jan 22;
Lanfranchi MC, Maïano C, Morin AJ, Therme P

Very few studies examined the prevalence and sport-related predictors of disturbed eating attitudes and behaviors (DEABs) among adolescents involved in sport practice, and their results are mixed and inconclusive. These inconsistencies are most likely due to their methodological heterogeneity and to the fact that none of these studies took into consideration the potentially relevant characteristics of the sport practice context. This study attempts to answer this limitation among French adolescents not involved or involved in various sports contexts defined based on their organization, leanness-centration, and competitive level. Participants were 335 adolescents involved in sport practice, and 435 adolescents not involved in any form of regular sport practice. The DEABs were measured using the Eating Attitudes Test-26. Global results do not showed any significant association between the status of the participants and DEAB. However, these results drastically changed when we considered the potential moderating role of sex and age on these relations. Indeed, sports involvement in general, and involvement in leanness and competitive sports were found to exert sex- and age-differentiated effects on the risks of presenting clinically significant levels of DEAB. This study suggests the importance of monitoring, preventive, and early intervention mechanisms within the context of practice, particularly for adolescent girls.
HubMed – eating


Cognitive flexibility, central coherence and social emotional processing in males with an eating disorder.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

World J Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Jan 22;
Goddard E, Carral-Fernández L, Denneny E, Campbell IC, Treasure J

Objectives. Females are more likely to develop an eating disorder (ED) than males. Studies of affected men may therefore inform models of risk and resilience to EDs. The aim of this study was to examine putative neurocognitive intermediate phenotypes of EDs in affected males. Methods. Cognitive flexibility, central coherence (global/detail processing), complex emotion recognition and social-threat sensitivity were investigated in men with EDs and healthy men. Measures of distress, perfectionism, and obsessive compulsivity were collected. Results. Men with EDs were more cognitively inflexible across tasks and had more difficulty integrating global information than healthy men. Unexpectedly, there were no group differences on a visuospatial task of detail processing or on social-emotional processing tasks. Men with EDs had higher scores on measures of distress, perfectionism and obsessive compulsivity than healthy men. Conclusions. Men with EDs share some of the intermediate cognitive phenotype present in women with EDs. Like their female counterparts, males with EDs show an inflexible, fragmented cognitive style. However, relative to healthy men, men with EDs do not have superior detail processing abilities, poor emotion recognition or increased sensitivity to social-threat. It is possible that gender differences in social-threat processing contribute to the female preponderance of EDs.
HubMed – eating


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