Eating Disorders: Misuse of Prescription Stimulants for Weight Loss, Psychosocial Variables, and Eating Disordered Behaviors.

Misuse of prescription stimulants for weight loss, psychosocial variables, and eating disordered behaviors.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Appetite. 2013 Jan 29;
Jeffers A, Benotsch EG, Koester S

In recent years there has been a dramatic increase in the non-medical use of prescription drugs among young adults including an increase in the use of prescription stimulants normally used to treat ADHD. Reported motivations for the non-medical use of prescription stimulants (NPS) include enhancing academic performance and to get high. Although a common side effect of these medications is appetite suppression, research examining weight loss as a motivation for NPS among young adults is sparse. In the present study, undergraduate students (n=705) completed an online survey assessing weight loss behaviors, motivations for weight loss, and eating behaviors. Nearly 12% of respondents reported using prescription stimulants to lose weight. Participants who reported using prescription stimulants for weight loss had greater appearance-related motivations for weight loss, greater emotion and stress-related eating, a more compromised appraisal of their ability to cope, lower self-esteem, and were more likely to report engaging in other unhealthy weight loss and eating disordered behaviors. Results suggest some young adults are misusing prescription stimulants for weight loss and that this behavior is associated with other problematic weight loss strategies. Interventions designed to reduce problematic eating behaviors in young adults may wish to assess the misuse of prescription stimulants.
HubMed – eating


Necrotizing Sialometaplasia in a Patient With an Eating Disorder: Palatal Ulcer Accompanied by Dental Erosion Due to Binge-Purging.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2013 Jan 31;
Imai T, Michizawa M

This report describes a case of necrotizing sialometaplasia (NS) accompanied by significant dental erosion of the maxillary teeth of the palatal surfaces owing to chronic self-induced vomiting. This observation contributed to the determination of an immediate and appropriate provisional diagnosis of NS in a patient with an eating disorder, which subsequently was confirmed histopathologically as NS. The diagnostic challenges presented by NS associated with eating disorders and its management are discussed.
HubMed – eating


Body image disturbance in patients with borderline personality disorder: Impact of eating disorders and perceived childhood sexual abuse.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Body Image. 2013 Jan 30;
Dyer A, Borgmann E, Feldmann RE, Kleindienst N, Priebe K, Bohus M, Vocks S

Body image disturbances occur in women with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Systematic research on these characteristics in well-defined BPD groups is lacking. It is unknown, if the disturbances are related to eating disorders and childhood sexual abuse (CSA), which frequently co-occur in patients with BPD. In the present study, cognitive-affective and behavioral components of body image for 89 female patients with BPD (49 with lifetime eating disorders) and 41 healthy participants were assessed via Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIAQ) and Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ). Within the BPD group, 43 patients reported a history of CSA. Compared to healthy controls, BPD patients reported significantly more negative scores in the BIAQ and the MBSRQ. Both a history of CSA and a comorbid eating disorder were independently associated with an even more negative body image. Results suggest a disturbance of cognitive-affective and behavioral components of body image in female BPD patients.
HubMed – eating



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