Eating Disorders: [Exploratory Biomonitoring Study Among Workers of Livestock Farms of the Taranto Province].

[Exploratory biomonitoring study among workers of livestock farms of the Taranto Province].

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Epidemiol Prev. 2012 Nov; 36(6): 321-31
Iavarone I, De Felip E, Ingelido AM, Iacovella N, Abballe A, Valentini S, Marra V, Violante N, D’Ilio S, Senofonte O, Petrucci F, Majorani C, Alimonti A, Conversano M

to conduct a survey on blood levels of metals and organochlorine compounds (dioxins and PCBs) among workers of livestock farms, and to identify the factors able to explain the magnitude and variability of the measured concentrations.exploratory human biomonitoring study.a sample of 45 workers from farms (masserie) located in the Province of Taranto was included in the study. The farms, located between 6 and 43 km from the industrial area, are family owned and animals (mainly sheep and goats) are locally reared outdoors. The study subjects have similar eating habits, including food consumption resulting from their production.manganese concentrations and, to a lesser extent, arsenic, cadmium and lead are in the medium-high range of levels observed in the Italian general population. This study does not identify factors able to explain the variability in the blood levels of metals. The amount of dioxins and PCBs, on the other hand, is strongly associated both with subjects age and the distance of farm from the industrial site.the results of this survey are suggestive of research hypotheses that need to be confirmed by biomonitoring studies of adequate design and size, in particular the hypothesis that the blood level of dioxins and PCBs decreases with increasing distance from the industrial site. We recommend ad hoc studies to better characterize the exposure of farmers (also associated with agricultural activities), and of the inhabitants of Taranto, to environmental persistent pollutants, also in terms of food matrices locally produced and consumed.
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Using Cognitive-Functional Assessment to Predict Self-Care performance of Memory Care Tenants.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2013 Jan 4;
Schaber P, Klein T, Hanrahan E, Vencil P, Afatika K, Burns T

A challenge in admitting individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias into memory care residential facilities is determining the appropriate level of service based on abilities and care needs. At intake, the incoming tenant’s functional performance capacity is obtained through family or proxy report corroborated with screening results of global cognitive function. Based on this information, the agency determines the level of service needs; if misjudged, inadequate placement can be stressful for the individual and family and costly for the facility. This study examined the predictive validity of a clinically administered assessment of cognitive-functional performance, Cognitive Performance Test (CPT), in gauging service needs in 4 activities of daily living (ADL; dressing, eating/feeding, showering, and toothbrushing) with 57 tenants residing in a memory care-assisted living facility. Linear regression results revealed a significant relationship between CPT scores and ADL performance in all areas (P < .001) with CPT scores accounting for 51% to 62% of the variability in performance. HubMed – eating


The change in lifestyle data during 9 years: the reliability and continuity of baseline health practices.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Environ Health Prev Med. 2013 Jan 6;
Koetaka H, Ohno Y, Morimoto K

OBJECTIVES: To reveal change patterns in self-reported lifestyle data for 9 years, and examine the characteristics of changes by type of lifestyle and ageing. METHODS: The authors used the lifestyle data of 7,080 male workers aged 20-59 who received checkups for 9 years. The proportions of change patterns during the 9 years were determined in seven health practices; smoking, eating breakfast, sleeping hours, working hours, physical exercise, eating nutritional balanced diets, and mental stress. RESULTS: Among seven health practices, the keep rate of good health practice was highest for the non-smoking (90.8 %), followed by eating breakfast (69.0 %);and the lowest was physical exercise (13.7 %). The keep rate of poor health practice was highest for smoking (73.8 %), followed by non-physical exercise (67.1 %). The lowest rate of multiple changes during 10 years was smoking (7.1 %); the highest was mental stress (68.5 %). CONCLUSIONS: As for the life style on smoking and eating breakfast seemed to be stable, using the data obtained at a specific point in time wouldn’t much affect the results. On the contrary, for other life styles, they showed poor continuity during 9 years, so it would be necessary to take into consideration the time point of data collection.
HubMed – eating



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