Eating Disorders: Effects of Behavioral Stress Reduction Transcendental Meditation Intervention in Persons With HIV.

Effects of behavioral stress reduction Transcendental Meditation intervention in persons with HIV.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

AIDS Care. 2013 Feb 11;
Chhatre S, Metzger DS, Frank I, Boyer J, Thompson E, Nidich S, Montaner LJ, Jayadevappa R

Abstract Stress is implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of HIV. The Transcendental Meditation (TM) is a behavioral stress reduction program that incorporates mind-body approach, and has demonstrated effectiveness in improving outcomes via stress reduction. We evaluated the feasibility of implementing TM and its effects on outcomes in persons with HIV. In this community-based single blinded Phase-I, randomized controlled trial, outcomes (psychological and physiological stress, immune activation, generic and HIV-specific health-related quality of life, depression and quality of well-being) were assessed at baseline and at six months, and were compared using parametric and nonparametric tests. Twenty-two persons with HIV were equally randomized to TM intervention or healthy eating (HE) education control group. Retention was 100% in TM group and 91% in HE control group. The TM group exhibited significant improvement in vitality. Significant between group differences were observed for generic and HIV-specific health-related quality of life. Small sample size may possibly limit the ability to observe significant differences in some outcomes. TM stress reduction intervention in community dwelling adults with HIV is viable and can enhance health-related quality of life. Further research with large sample and longer follow-up is needed to validate our results.
HubMed – eating


[Gender differences in the association between substance abuse and lifestyles among high school students in Japan: findings from the 2009 Japanese School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs].

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Nihon Arukoru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi. 2012 Oct; 47(5): 211-33
Miyoshi Y, Katsuno S

The purpose of this paper is to clarify gender differences in the association between substance abuse measures and lifestyle variables among Japanese high school students. The data was obtained from the nationwide representative sample of the Japanese School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (JSPAD) conducted in 2009. The sample consisted of 25,242 1st-, 2nd-, and 3rd-year students at full-time high schools, which were selected by stratified, single-step cluster sampling. The results indicated seven principal findings. (1) All levels of cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and any illicit drug use throughout one’s lifetime and the past year among high school students in 2009 were lower than those of the 2004 JSPAD. (2) The levels of lifetime and annual alcohol consumption among high school females were significantly higher than those of high school males. (3) Gender differences in the association between the measures of smoking or use of any illicit drug and lifestyle variables were more effective than those between drinking measures and lifestyle variables. (4) More recent alcohol consumption was likely to be less effective for gender differences in the association between drinking measures and lifestyle variables. (5) The combination of gender and “hours worked in a paid job” was generally most predictive for substance abuse measures. (6) Gender differences of “participating in extracurricular activities” and “eating breakfast” were significantly effective in the association with all substance abuse measures. (7) The orders of lifestyle variables combined with gender by model-fitting were stable for each substance, especially cigarettes and illicit drugs. The findings suggest that females are more likely to be vulnerable to isolation and irregularity of life than males, whereas the association patterns of lifestyles with substance abuse are highly similar between males and females while in high school, except for the differences in user proportion for each respective substance.
HubMed – eating



Can pregnancy trigger old eating disorder issues? – This little video is about pregnancy and facing some of the old challenges you might have had when you suffered from an eating disorder…back again! But it’s also about the WHY this happens, when you’ve been healed from an eating disorder for years and what to do to overcome! I pray this video blesses all who watch it and especially those who are pregnant right now. That you are reminded how loved and precious you are as you carry that tiny little life! God bless all the babies being knit together by His hands in the sanctity of the womb. Yay for babies! Yay for all the mommas!


Find More Eating Disorders Information…