Eating Disorders: Clinicopathologic Review of Eruptive Pseudoangiomatosis in Korean Adults: Report of 32 Cases.

Clinicopathologic review of eruptive pseudoangiomatosis in Korean adults: report of 32 cases.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Int J Dermatol. 2012 Nov 1;
Kim JE, Kim BJ, Park HJ, Park YM, Park CJ, Cho SH, Kim SY, Kang H

Background? Eruptive pseudoangiomatosis (EP) is a rare, benign, spontaneously regressing exanthema of unknown etiology, characterized by an eruption of distinctive erythematous papules. This study was performed to evaluate the etiologic, clinical, and histopathologic characteristics of EP in Koreans. Methods? Patients diagnosed with EP during 2005-2010 were included in a retrospective study. Diagnoses were based on clinical findings and confirmed by histology. Biopsies were re-examined. Patient gender, age at onset, disease duration, lesion location, season of occurrence, concomitant diseases, occupation, previous related events, disease course, responses to treatment, and laboratory findings were analyzed. Results? A total of 32 patients were identified. Mean age at onset was 50.06?±?17.12?years. Two patients developed lesions after outdoor activities. Two patients presented with simultaneous occurrences in family members. One patient reported having taken herbal medicine. One subject experienced systemic contact dermatitis caused by eating a lacquer chicken dish just before the lesions developed. All patients had typical erythematous papules measuring 2-5?mm. Lesions were usually located on exposed sites. No prodromal or systemic symptoms were observed. Routine laboratory tests were within normal ranges, except in one patient with known hyperlipidemia. Most patients were treated with oral antihistamine and topical steroid, or oral prednisolone. Eight patients did not receive any treatment. Mean disease duration was 1.64?±?1.41?months in the treatment group and 1.20?±?1.24?months in the no-treatment group (P?>?0.05). Conclusions? Any clear relationship between EP and exposure to allergens or insect bites has yet to be elucidated. In patients in whom EP occurs on non-exposed sites, drugs and food should be considered as possible causative agents. Intravascular neutrophil infiltration on histology can be helpful in diagnosing EP.
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Eating disorders, post-traumatic stress, and sexual trauma in women veterans.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Mil Med. 2012 Oct; 177(10): 1161-8
Forman-Hoffman VL, Mengeling M, Booth BM, Torner J, Sadler AG

We examine lifetime eating disorders (EDOs) and associations with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sexual trauma during various stages of the life course (childhood, during military service, and lifetime) among women veterans. The sample included 1,004 women aged 20 to 52 years who had enrolled at 2 Midwestern Veterans Affairs Medical Centers or outlying clinics completed a retrospective telephone interview. Over 16% reported a lifetime EDO (4.7% had received a diagnosis, and an additional 11.5% self-reported suffering from an EDO). Associations were found between lifetime EDO, PTSD, and sexual trauma. Relationships maintained significance for both diagnosed and self-reported EDOs as well as lifetime completed rape and attempted sexual assaults. Sexual trauma during military service was more strongly associated with lifetime EDOs than childhood sexual trauma. The significant associations found between EDOs, PTSD, and sexual trauma indicate that EDO screening among women veterans with PTSD or histories of sexual trauma may be warranted.
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Iranian Female Adolescent’s Views on Unhealthy Snacks Consumption: A Qualitative Study.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Iran J Public Health. 2010; 39(3): 92-101
Karimi-Shahanjarini A, Omidvar N, Bazargan3 M, Rashidian A, Majdzadeh R, Shojaeizadeh D

BACKGROUND: Given the increasing prevalence of obesity among Iranian adolescents and the role of consumption of unhealthy snacks in this issue, interventions that focus on factors influencing food choice are needed. This study was designed to delineate factors associated with unhealthy snack use among female Iranian adolescents. METHODS: The theory of Planned Behavior served as the framework of the study. Qualitative data were collected via nine focus group discussions in two middle schools (6(th) to 8(th) grades) in a socio-economically diverse district in the city of Tehran in spring 2008. The study sample included 90 female adolescents aged 12-15 years. The sampling strategy was purposive method. Data analyzed using the “framework” method. RESULTS: Major factors identified by the respondents were taste, peer pressure, parental influence, easy access to unhealthy snacks, limited availability of healthy snacks, appeal of snacks, habit, high price of healthy snacks, and media advertisements. Nutritional value and healthiness was not one of the first priorities when buying snacks, as adolescents thought it was too early for them to worry about illness and adverse consequences of eating junk foods. CONCLUSIONS: For developing culturally sensitive evidence-based interventions that can motivate adolescents to choose healthy snacks, a broad range of factors should be taken into account.
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