Eating Disorders?

Question by socksrocks55: Eating Disorders?
Im doing a report on health disorders, need some help with some facts.
What are 3 physical factors that may cause obesity?
What are 3 environmental factors that may cause obesity
Who is at risk for being obese?
What is the definition of obesity and what is the most common tool used to scientifically diagnose it?
What that are five health problems may be related to obesity?
In relationship to children/teens’ future, why is there such concern about children/teens who are obese?
What are three tips for helping someone to manage weight loss and obesity?
What three reasons why fad diets can be dangerous?
How can you identify a fad diet?

Best answer:

Answer by Derek
What’s that have to do with eating disorders, that’s just about obesity.

Answer by ?? ginger spice ??
1. *Overweight and obesity result from an energy imbalance. This involves eating too many calories and not getting enough physical activity.

*Body weight is the result of genes, metabolism, behavior, environment, culture, and socioeconomic status.

*Behavior and environment play a large role causing people to be overweight and obese. These are the greatest areas for prevention and treatment actions.

2. *Home, child care, school, and community environments can influence children’s behaviors related to food intake and physical activity.

*Within the home: Parent-child interactions and the home environment can affect the behaviors of children and youth related to calorie intake and physical activity. Parents are role models for their children who are likely to develop habits similar to their parents.

*Within child care: Almost 80% of children aged 5 years and younger with working mothers are in child care for 40 hours a week on average. Child care providers are sharing responsibility with parents for children during important developmental years. Child care can be a setting in which healthy eating and physical activity habits are developed.

*Within schools: Because the majority of young people aged 5–17 years are enrolled in schools and because of the amount of time that children spend at school each day, schools provide an ideal setting for teaching children and teens to adopt healthy eating and physical activity behaviors. According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), schools and school districts are, increasingly, implementing innovative programs that focus on improving the nutrition and increasing physical activity of students.15

*Within the community: The built environment within communities influences access to physical activity opportunities and access to affordable and healthy foods. For example, a lack of sidewalks, safe bike paths, and parks in neighborhoods can discourage children from walking or biking to school as well as from participating in physical activity. Additionally, lack of access to affordable, healthy food choices in neighborhood food markets can be a barrier to purchasing healthy foods.

3. For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the “body mass index” (BMI). BMI is used because, for most people, it correlates with their amount of body fat.

An adult who has a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight.
An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.

4. Extremely or unhealthily fat or overweight; having a body weight more than 20 percent greater than recommended for the relevant height and thus at risk from several serious illnesses, including diabetes and heart disease. The most commonly used tool to determine if a person is obese is a Body Mass Index. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number calculated from a person’s weight and height. BMI provides a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people and is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems.

5. Overweight and obese individuals are at increased risk for many diseases and health conditions, including the following:

*Hypertension (high blood pressure)
*Osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
*Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides)
*Type 2 diabetes
*Coronary heart disease
*Gallbladder disease
*Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
*Some cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon)

6. Overweight is a serious health concern for children and adolescents. Data from two NHANES surveys (1976–1980 and 2003–2004) show that the prevalence of overweight is increasing: for children aged 2–5 years, prevalence increased from 5.0% to 13.9%; for those aged 6–11 years, prevalence increased from 6.5% to 18.8%; and for those aged 12–19 years, prevalence increased from 5.0% to 17.4%.

Overweight children and adolescents are at risk for health problems during their youth and as adults. For example, during their youth, overweight children and adolescents are more likely to have risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease (such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and Type 2 diabetes) than are other children and adolescents.

Overweight children and adolescents are more likely to become obese as adults. For example, one study found that approximately 80% of children who were overweight at aged 10–15 years were obese adults at age 25 years. Another study found that 25% of obese adults were overweight as children.5 The latter study also found that if overweight begins before 8 years of age, obesity in adulthood is likely to be more severe.

7. Start By Counting Calories
Aim for a Healthy Weight
Set Weight-Loss Goals
Take “Small Steps” Toward Goal
Plan Your Meals
Healthier Eating
Choose a Heart-Healthy Lifestyle
Watch Out for Bogus Diet Claims
Give Ethnic Food a Try

8. There are literally hundreds of different diets that have at one time or another been promoted as the best approach to losing weight. Unfortunately, most of them, in their efforts to succeed, involve omitting certain foods, and sometimes even entire food groups (for example, high-protein diets suggest significantly reducing the percent of carbohydrates in the diet, an important component of the recommended eating guidelines based on the food pyramid).

Fad diets take form in many ways: low-fat, low-carbohydrates, high-protein, or focusing on one particular food item such as grapefruit. These diets lack major nutrients such as dietary fiber and carbohydrates, as well as selected vitamins, minerals, and protective phytochemicals, such as antioxidants (substances found in vegetables, which are protective against disease). Over the long term, by not receiving the proper amounts of these nutrients, you may develop serious health problems later in life.

For the food groups that these diets do permit, the proportions are either well above or well below those recommended by major health organizations such as the American Heart Association and the American Dietetic Association, as well as the Surgeon General and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Some common claims of these diets include blaming particular hormones for weight gain, suggesting that food can change body chemistry, or touting or banning a particular food. However, they all have one thing in common: They offer only a temporary solution to what for many people is a lifelong and chronic condition. Once the diet is stopped, the lost weight is usually regained quickly, and when weight is lost rapidly, chances are it is not fat that is lost but water weight and precious muscle — but when it is regained, it is usually all gained as fat. This is because none of these diets teach you how to eat right.

9. While there is no set approach to identifying a fad diet, many have the following characteristics:

*Recommendations that promise a quick fix.
*Dire warnings of dangers from a single product or regimen.
*Claims that sound too good to be true.
*Simplistic conclusions drawn from a complex study.
*Recommendations based on a single study or testimonials.
*Dramatic statements that are refuted by reputable scientific organizations.
*Lists of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ foods.
*Recommendations made to help sell a product.
*Recommendations based on studies published without review by other researchers.
*Recommendations from studies that ignore differences among individuals or groups.
*Eliminating 1 or more of the 5 food groups

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