Drug Resistant Breast Cancer Cell Line Displays Cancer Stem Cell Phenotype and Responds Sensitively to Epigenetic Drug SAHA.

Drug Resistant Breast Cancer Cell Line Displays Cancer Stem Cell Phenotype and Responds Sensitively to Epigenetic Drug SAHA.

Drug Deliv Transl Res. 2013 Apr 1; 3(2): 183-194
Lu S, Labhasetwar V

Cancer stem cell (CSC) population in solid human breast tumor was identified by CD44(+)/CD24(-) phenotype, characterized by high tumorigenicity, invasiveness and drug resistance. In this study, we characterized drug resistant breast cancer cell line-MCF-7/Adr and a number of breast cancer cell lines using flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, mammosphere formation assay and migration assay, examining their CSC immunophenotypes, presence of CSC proteins, tumorigenicity in vitro and migratory rates, respectively. Our results show that MCF-7/Adr cells uniformly display CSC characteristics yet retain low migratory rate. They are also able to self-renew and differentiate under floating culture conditions. Furthermore, MCF-7/Adr is selectively sensitive to epigenetic drug, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), losing drug resistance and changes morphology yet retaining CSC immunophenotypes. In conclusion, we show that resistant breast cancer cell line MCF-7/Adr demonstrates uniform CSC like characteristics and are sensitive to epigenetic drug treatment. HubMed – drug


Rational pharmacotherapy training for fourth-year medical students.

Indian J Pharmacol. 2013 Jan; 45(1): 4-8
Gelal A, Gumustekin M, Arici MA, Gidener S

In this study we aimed to evaluate the impact of Rational Pharmacotherapy (RPT) course program, reinforced by video footages, on the rational pharmacotherapy skills of the students.RPT course program has been conducted in Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine since 2008/9. The course has been organised in accordance with World Health Organisation (WHO) Good Prescribing Guide. The aim of the course was to improve the problem solving skills (methodology for selection of the (p)ersonel-drug, prescription writing and informing patient about his illness and drugs) and communication skills of students. The impact of the course has been measured by pre/post-test design by an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). In academic year 2010/11, to further improve OSCE score of the students we added doctor-patient communication video footages to the RPT course programme. During training, the students were asked to evaluate the doctor-patient communication and prescription on two video footages using a checklist followed by group discussions.Total post-test OSCE score was significantly higher for 2010/11 academic year students (n = 147) than it was for 2009/10 year students (n = 131). The 2010/11 academic year students performed significantly better than the 2009/10 academic year students on four steps of OSCE. These steps were “defining the patient’s problem”, “specifying the therapeutic objective”, “specifying the non-pharmacological treatment” and “choosing a (drug) treatment, taking all relevant patient characteristics into account”.The present study demonstrated that the implementation of video footages and group discussions to WHO/Good Prescribing Method improved the fourth-year medical students’ performance in rational pharmacotherapy skills. HubMed – drug


Predictors of Accessing Substance Abuse Services Among Individuals With Mental Disorders Released From Correctional Custody.

J Dual Diagn. 2013 Jan 1; 9(1): 11-22
Hartwell S, Deng X, Fisher W, Siegfriedt J, Roy-Bujnowski K, Johnson C, Fulwiler C

In the context of an increasing correctional population and corresponding rates of mental illness and substance abuse among this population, this study focuses on describing the predictors of substance abuse service utilization for ex-inmates with dual disorders. Our aim is to assess the likelihood and characteristics of ex-inmates with mental disorders who access substance abuse treatment services within two years of correctional release.Using merged administrative data on all ex-inmates with open mental health cases released from Massachusetts Department of Corrections and two County Houses of Corrections from 2007 to 2009 (N=2,280) and substance abuse treatment outcome data through 2011, we analyze the influence of demographics, behavioral and mental disorders, and criminal justice variables on entry into substance abuse treatment within 24 months post release. We also describe primary drug use and services utilized for all the ex-inmates who accessed substance abuse services (N=1,383). Regression techniques were used to analyze the probability of utilizing substance abuse treatment services by various demographic, behavioral, and criminal involvement characteristics.The prevalence of a history of substance use disorders is high in this population (69%; n = 1,285). Subsequently, at 24 months post release 61% (n = 1,383) of ex-inmates with open mental health cases utilized substance abuse treatment services. This group was disproportionately female, with a preincarceration history of substance abuse, an increased number of previous incarcerations, and more likely released under correctional supervision.Substance abuse is a chronic relapsing disorder and dual diagnosis is common among individuals with mental disorders involved with the criminal justice system. Their service needs and contacts across substance abuse, mental health, and criminal justice systems highlight individuals caught up in the institutional circuit. Study results point to the need for expanded and targeted dual diagnosis treatment approaches and relapse prevention for ex-inmates with mental disorders post correctional release. HubMed – drug