Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation: [Silica-Coated Ethosome as a Novel Oral Delivery System for Enhanced Oral Bioavailability of Curcumin].

[Silica-coated ethosome as a novel oral delivery system for enhanced oral bioavailability of curcumin].

Filed under: Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation

Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2012 Nov; 47(11): 1541-7
Li C, Deng L, Zhang Y, Su TT, Jiang Y, Chen ZB

The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of silica-coated ethosome as a novel oral delivery system for the poorly water-soluble curcumin (as a model drug). The silica-coated ethosomes loading curcumin (CU-SE) were prepared by alcohol injection method with homogenization, followed by the precipitation of silica by sol-gel process. The physical and chemical features of CU-SEs, and curcumin release were determined in vitro. The pharmacodynamics and bioavailability measurements were sequentially performed. The mean diameter of CU-SE was (478.5 +/- 80.3) nm and the polydispersity index was 0.285 +/- 0.042, while the mean value of apparent drug entrapment efficiency was 80.77%. In vitro assays demonstrated that CU-SEs were significantly stable with improved release properties when compared with curcumin-loaded ethosomes (CU-ETs) without silica-coatings. The bioavailability of CU-SEs and CU-ETs was 11.86- and 5.25-fold higher, respectively, than that of curcumin suspensions (CU-SUs) in in vivo assays. The silica coatings significantly promoted the stability of ethosomes and CU-SEs exhibited 2.26-fold increase in bioavailablity relative to CU-ETs, indicating that the silica-coated ethosomes might be a potential approach for oral delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs especially the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine with improved bioavailability.
HubMed – drug


[Preparation and characterization of irinotecan hydrochloride loaded PEO-PPO-PEO micelles and its mechanism of decreasing drug intestinal toxicity].

Filed under: Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation

Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2012 Nov; 47(11): 1534-40
Zhang XX, Guo SY, Li FF, Gan Y

In this work, we developed PEO-PPO-PEO micelles loaded with irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) using breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitory material PEO20-PPO70-PEO20, and studied its mechanism of decreasing CPT-11 induced delayed diarrhea and intestinal toxicity. BCRP-overexpressing MDCKII (MDCKII/BCRP) cells were used to evaluate the effect of PEO20-PPO70-PEO20 and PEO-PPO-PEO micelles on transmembrane transport of CPT-11 in vitro. The biliary excretion, delayed diarrhea and intestinal damage of CPT-11 loaded PEO-PPO-PEO micelles of rats were investigated. The results showed that the obtained micelles could decrease the biliary excretion of CPT-11, ameliorate delayed diarrhea and intestinal toxicity of rats through inhibiting BCRP-mediated CPT-11 efflux. PEO-PPO-PEO micelles were promising carriers to reduce intestinal toxicity of CPTs.
HubMed – drug


[Molecular transport mechanism of pefloxacin mesylate binding with transferrin].

Filed under: Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation

Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2012 Nov; 47(11): 1503-10
Guo M, Lu XW, Ran XY, Hu RH

The binding mechanism between pefloxacin mesylate (PM) and transferrin (Tf) was explored using spectral experiment combined with molecular modeling techniques. The binding parameters and thermodynamic functions of PM-Tf solution system were measured at different temperatures. The effect of PM on molecular conformation of Tf was investigated and the interaction mechanism was also discussed. The results showed that dynamic quenching mechanism occurs with PM binding to Tf. The value of binding distances (r) is low, which indicates the occurrence of energy transfer. The drug had conformational effect on Tf, which resulted in changes of hydrophobic environment of the binding domain in Tf. According to the obtained thermodynamic parameters, the main interaction force between PM and Tf is attributed to hydrophobic bonding. The results of molecular modeling revealed that hydrophobic and hydrogen bonds are main binding forces in the PM-Tf system. These results were in accordance with spectral experiments. The research results have given a better theoretical reference for the study of pharmacological mechanism between protein and quinolone.
HubMed – drug



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