Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Vismodegib Versus Placebo With FOLFOX or FOLFIRI and Bevacizumab in Patients With Previously Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.

A Randomized Phase II Trial of Vismodegib Versus Placebo with FOLFOX or FOLFIRI and Bevacizumab in Patients with Previously Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.

Filed under: Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation

Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Oct 18;
Berlin JD, Bendell JC, Hart LL, Firdaus I, Gore I, Hermann RC, Mulcahy MF, Zalupski MM, Mackey HM, Yauch RL, Graham RA, Bray GL, Low JA

PURPOSE: Vismodegib, a Hedgehog pathway inhibitor, has preclinical activity in colorectal cancer (CRC) models. This trial assessed the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of adding vismodegib to first-line treatment for metastatic CRC (mCRC). Experimental design: Patients were randomized to receive vismodegib (150 mg/day orally) or placebo, in combination with FOLFOX or FOLFIRI chemotherapy plus bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) every 2 weeks until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Key secondary objectives included evaluation of predictive biomarkers and pharmacokinetic drug interactions. RESULTS: A total of 199 patients with mCRC were treated on protocol (124 FOLFOX, 75 FOLFIRI). The median PFS hazard ratio for vismodegib treatment compared with placebo was 1.25 (90% CI: 0.89-1.76; P = 0.28). The overall response rates for placebo-treated and vismodegib-treated patients were 51% (90% CI: 43-60) and 46% (90% CI: 37-55), respectively. No vismodegib-associated benefit was observed in combination with either FOLFOX or FOLFIRI. Increased tumor tissue Hedgehog expression did not predict clinical benefit. Grade 3-5 adverse events reported for >5% of patients that occurred more frequently in the vismodegib-treated group were fatigue, nausea, asthenia, mucositis, peripheral sensory neuropathy, weight loss, decreased appetite, and dehydration. Vismodegib did not alter the pharmacokinetics of FOLFOX, FOLFIRI, or bevacizumab. CONCLUSIONS: Vismodegib does not add to the efficacy of standard therapy for mCRC. Compared with placebo, treatment intensity was lower for all regimen components in vismodegib-treated patients, suggesting that combined toxicity may have contributed to lack of efficacy.
HubMed – drug


In-vivo metabolic characterization of healthy prostate and orthotopic prostate cancer in rats using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 4.7 T.

Filed under: Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation

Acta Radiol. 2012 Oct 18;
Walker P, Provent P, Tizon X, Créhange G, Duchamp O, Brunotte F, Genne P

BackgroundTo assist the development of new anti-cancer drugs, it is important to identify biomarkers of treatment efficacy in the preclinical phases of drug development. In order to improve the predictivity of preclinical experiments, more realistic animal models are needed, for example, tumors xenografted directly on the prostate gland of rodents.PurposeTo characterize the in-vivo metabolism of healthy rat prostate and of an orthotopic human prostate cancer model using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).Material and MethodsThe highly metastatic and hormone-independent PC3-MM2 human prostate cancer model was implanted into the ventral prostate lobe of three Nude rats. Healthy Nude (n = 6) and Sprague-Dawley (n = 6) rats were also studied for interspecies comparison of normal prostate metabolism. Magnetic resonance imaging and short echo-time (TE 11.2 ms) single voxel PRESS spectroscopy were performed on dorsal (DP) and ventral (VP) prostate as well as tumor at 4.7 T. The metabolic content and volume of dorsal and ventral lobes were characterized as a function of species and age.ResultsSlightly lower total creatine (tCr)/water (11.3 ± 2.6 vs. 15.3 ± 3.0, NS), but significantly higher Inositol (Ins)/water (18.9 ± 1.9 vs. 6.6 ± 3.3, P < 0.003) and total choline (tCho)/water (15.0 ± 2.1 vs. 5.6 ± 1.1, P < 0.00007) were observed within healthy DP lobes with respect to VP lobes. No significant variation in metabolic content was seen in healthy DP and VP lobes of Nude rats as a function of age, and no species dependence was observed in their metabolic content. For the orthotopic PC3-MM2 tumor, implanted in VP, the tCr/water ratio was significantly lower (3.1 ± 0.9) than neighboring DP (12.8 ± 1.8, P < 0.00003) and healthy VP (15.3 ± 3.0, P < 0.00006). For Ins, the metabolite ratio in PC3-MM2 was close to that of healthy VP (4.3 ± 2.8 vs. 6.6 ± 3.3, p = NS), but much lower than in neighboring DP (19.1 ± 1.3, P < 0.00005). A similar trend was also observed for tCho, where metabolite ratios in PC3-MM2, healthy VP and neighboring DP were 3.5 ± 0.9, 5.6 ± 1.1, and 15.9 ± 0.8, respectively.ConclusionThe in-vivo MRS study of healthy prostate and orthotopic prostate cancer is feasible in rats. Such baseline data could be important when following the modifications in metabolism, including during anti-cancer drug development protocols or following radiotherapy. HubMed – drug



PART3 Alcoholism and Diet Talk at Hawthorn University www.ChefOfThePeople.com – Join Chef Of The People Nathan Donahoe (www.ChefOfThePeople.com) as he gives a talk at Hawthorn University (www.hawthornuniversity.org) on his experience of working as Executive Chef and nutritionist at drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers in Malibu California. Learn such juicy tidbits as what organic, natural foods help heal alcoholism and addiction and what foods hurt.


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