Depression Treatment: Clinico-Epidemiological Characteristics of Patients Presenting With Organophosphorus Poisoning.

Clinico-epidemiological characteristics of patients presenting with organophosphorus poisoning.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

N Am J Med Sci. 2012 Mar; 4(3): 147-50
Banerjee I, Tripathi S, Roy AS

Organophosphorus (OP) poisoning is a major health problem all over the world, particularly in the developing countries.The present study aims to explore the clinical and epidemiological features found in patients presenting with OP poisoning.A 1-year cross-sectional study was conducted on patients presenting with clinical features of OP poisoning in a tertiary care medical college.A total of 968 patients presented during the study period. Poisoning with suicidal intent (82.02%) was more common than the accidental one (17.98%). Majority of the patients were housewives (42%) followed by farmers, shopkeepers, laborers, students. Methyl parathion was the most common poison consumed by the patients (35.74%) followed by diazinon, chlorpyriphos, dimicron. Nausea and vomiting (85.02%) was the most common symptom while miosis was the most common sign observed in 91.94% patients. A total of 56 patients of OP poisoning died (5.78%) with respiratory failure being the primary cause of death followed by CNS depression, cardiac arrest, and septicaemia.The present study showed that majority of the patients were of young age with females outnumbering males. Poisoning with suicidal intent was more common than accidental. Nausea and vomiting was the most common symptom reported by the patients while miosis was the most common sign observed by the treating physicians of the research team.
HubMed – depression

 

Neuroticism in young women with fibromyalgia links to key clinical features.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Pain Res Treat. 2012; 2012: 730741
Malin K, Littlejohn GO

Objective. We examined personality traits in young women with FM, in order to seek associations with key psychological processes and clinical symptoms. Methods. Twenty-seven women with FM and 29 age-matched female healthy controls [HC] completed a series of questionnaires examining FM symptoms, personality and psychological variables. Results. Significant differences between characteristic FM symptoms (sleep, pain, fatigue, and confusion) as well as for the psychological variables of depression, anxiety, and stress were found between FM and HC (P < 0.001). Neuroticism was the only subscale of the Big Five Inventory that showed a significant difference between the FM group and HC group [P < 0.05]. Within the FM group, there was a significant association between the level of the neuroticism and each of pain, sleep, fatigue, and confusion, depression, anxiety, and stress (P < 0.05-0.01). The association between the level of neuroticism and the level of stress was the strongest of all variables tested (P < 0.001). Conclusion. The personality trait of neuroticism significantly associates with the key FM characteristics of pain, sleep, fatigue and confusion as well as the common co-morbidities of depression, anxiety and stress. Personality appears to be an important modulator of FM clinical symptoms. HubMed – depression

 

Gender Differences in Depression: Assessing Mediational Effects of Overt Behaviors and Environmental Reward through Daily Diary Monitoring.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Depress Res Treat. 2012; 2012: 865679
Ryba MM, Hopko DR

Gender differences in the prevalence of depression are well documented. To further explore the relation between gender and depression, this study used daily diaries to examine gender differences within thirteen behavioral domains and whether differential frequency of overt behaviors and environmental reward mediated the relationship between gender and depression severity. The sample included 82 undergraduate students [66% females; 84% Caucasian; Mean age = 20.2 years]. Overall, females engaged in a significantly greater breadth of behavioral domains and reported a higher level of environmental reward. Females spent more time in the domains of health/hygiene, spiritual activities, and eating with others. Males spent more time in the domains of physical activity, sexual activity, and hobbies and recreational experiences. Females found social activities, passive/sedentary behaviors, eating with others, and engagement in “other” activities more rewarding. Gender had a significant direct effect on depression severity, with females reporting increased depression. This effect was attenuated by the mediator (total environmental reward) such that to the extent females exhibited increased environmental reward, the gender effect on depression was attenuated. These data support behavioral models of depression, indicate increased reinforcement sensitivity among females, and have clinical relevance in the context of assessment and behavioral activation interventions for depression.
HubMed – depression

 

Electroacupuncture may be effective for depression: study

Filed under: Depression Treatment

By Tan Ee Lyn | HONG KONG (Reuters) – Boosting the effect of acupuncture needles with small electric currents may be effective in treating depression, a study in Hong Kong has found. Led by Zhang Zhang-jin at the School of Chinese Medicine, …
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Rockford clinic offering non-invasive depression treatment

Filed under: Depression Treatment

By Marshall Jones Aspen Counseling and Consulting in Rockford is offering a non-invasive treatment for depression that was featured on the popular "Dr. Oz" television show March 14. Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a non-medicinal treatment that …
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