Depression Treatment: A Cohort Study on Psychosocial Adjustment and Psychopathology in Adolescents and Young Adults With Congenital Heart Disease.

A cohort study on psychosocial adjustment and psychopathology in adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

BMJ Open. 2013; 3(1):
Freitas IR, Castro M, Sarmento SL, Moura C, Viana V, Areias JC, Areias ME

Our purpose was to study psychosocial adjustment and psychiatric morbidity of adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD).All assessment measures were obtained on a single occasion. Clinical data was obtained through the patient’s clinical records.A teaching and tertiary care facility in Porto, Portugal.We evaluated 110 CHD patients (62 male) aged from 12 to 26 years (mean=18.00±3.617), 58 cyanotic. All assessment measures were obtained on a single occasion in a tertiary hospital. Demographic information and clinical history were collected. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Questionnaires regarded topics such as social support, family educational style, self-image and physical limitations, a standardised psychiatric interview Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Lifetime version (SADS-L), and a self-report questionnaire on psychosocial adjustment, youth self-report or adult self-report. One of the relatives completed an observational version of the same questionnaire (child behaviour checklist (CBCL) or ABCL (adult behaviour checklist)).We found a 21.8% lifetime prevalence of psychopathology, 31.3%, in females, 14.5% in males, showing a somewhat increased proneness in CHD patients. Females also showed worse psychosocial adjustment, with more somatic complaints (u=260 000; p=0.011), anxiety/depression (u=984 000; p=0.002), aggressive behaviour (u=920 500; p=0.001), attention problems (u=1123 500; p=0.027), thought problems (u=1069 500; p=0.010), internalisation (u=869 000; p=0.0) and externalisation (u=1163 000; p=0.05). Patients with severe CHD (u=939 000; p=0.03) and surgical repair (u=719 000; p=0.037) showed worse psychosocial adjustment. Those with poor social support showed more withdrawal (u=557 500; p=0.0) and social problems (u=748 500; p=0.023), and patients with unsatisfactory school performance revealed more anxiety/depression (u=916 000; p=0.02) and attention problems (u=861 500; p=0.007).CHD males with good social support and good academic performance have a better psychosocial adjustment.
HubMed – depression


The role of psychosocial factors and psychiatric disorders in functional dyspepsia.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Jan 29;
Van Oudenhove L, Aziz Q

In this Review, after a brief historical introduction, we first provide an overview of epidemiological studies that demonstrate an association between functional dyspepsia and psychological traits, states or psychiatric disorders. These studies suggest an important intrinsic role for psychosocial factors and psychiatric disorders, especially anxiety and depression, in the aetiopathogenesis of functional dyspepsia, in addition to their putative influence on health-care-seeking behaviour. Second, we describe pathophysiological evidence on how psychosocial factors and psychiatric disorders might exert their role in functional dyspepsia. Novel insights from functional brain imaging studies regarding the integration of gut-brain signals, processed in homeostatic-interoceptive brain regions, with input from the exteroceptive system, the reward system and affective and cognitive circuits, help to clarify the important role of psychological processes and psychiatric morbidity. We therefore propose an integrated model of functional dyspepsia as a disorder of gut-brain signalling, supporting a biopsychosocial approach to the diagnosis and management of this disorder.
HubMed – depression


Factors Associated with Activities of Daily Living (ADL) in Independently Living Elderly Persons in a Community: a Baseline Examination of a Large Scale Cohort Study, Fujiwara-kyo Study.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. 2013; 68(1): 22-32
Komatsu M, Nezu S, Tomioka K, Hazaki K, Harano A, Morikawa M, Takagi M, Yamada M, Matsumoto Y, Iwamoto J, Ishizuka R, Saeki K, Okamoto N, Kurumatani N

Objectives: To investigate factors associated with activities of daily living in independently living elderly persons in a community. Subjects and Methods: The potential subjects were 4,472 individuals aged 65 years and older who voluntarily participated in a large cohort study, the Fujiwara-kyo study. We used self-administered questionnaires consisting of an activities of daily living (ADL) questionnaire with the Physical Fitness Test established by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (12 ADL items) to determine the index of higher-level physical independence, demographics, Geriatric Depression Scale, and so on. Mini-mental state examination, measurement of physical fitness, and blood tests were also carried out. A lower ADL level was defined as having a total score of the 12 ADL items (range, 12-36 points) that was below the first quartile of a total score for all the subjects. Factors associated with a low ADL level were examined by multiple logistic regression. Results: A total of 4,198 remained as subjects for analysis. The male, female and 5-year-old groups showed significant differences in the median score of 12 ADL items between any two groups. The highest odds ratio among factors associated with lower ADL level by multiple logistic regression with mutually adjusted independent variables was 4.49 (95%CI: 2.82-7.17) in the groups of “very sharp pain” or “strong pain” during the last month. Low physical ability, self-awareness of limb weakness, a BMI of over 25, low physical activity, cerebrovascular disorder, depression, low cognitive function, unable “to see normally”, unable “to hear someone”, “muscle, bone and joint pain” were independently associated with lower ADL level. Conclusion: Multiple factors are associated with lower ADL level assessed on the basis of the 12 ADL items.
HubMed – depression



Daily Buzz air check compressed 1 – Randy I. Pardell MD DFAPA and Martha Rhodes are interviewed on The Daily Buzz. Martha Rhodes discusses her depression and how the Neurostar TMS Therapy improved her symptoms. Dr. Pardell discussed the science and technology of TMS and demonstrated a treatment.


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