Computerised Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Depression and Anxiety With Older People: A Pilot Study to Examine Patient Acceptability and Treatment Outcome.

Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy for depression and anxiety with older people: a pilot study to examine patient acceptability and treatment outcome.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2013 Mar 14;
McMurchie W, Macleod F, Power K, Laidlaw K, Prentice N

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine the acceptability and treatment outcome of using Beating the Blues (BTB) with older people (65+?years). Specific aims included identifying the treatment uptake and drop-out rate, and describing the role of basic demographics in therapy uptake. METHOD: Fifty-eight participants, experiencing symptoms of depression, were given a free choice of receiving treatment as usual (TAU) plus BTB (TAU?+?BTB) or TAU alone. All participants completed demographic questionnaires and a range of outcome measures at baseline, 2?months after baseline (end of treatment) and 3?months after baseline (follow-up). RESULTS: Thirty-three participants (56.9%) opted to receive BTB and reported having more experience and confidence using a computer than those who declined BTB. Twenty-four participants (72.7%) went on to complete all eight BTB sessions. Statistical analysis found significant differences between the two treatment groups, with the TAU?+?BTB group showing greater improvements in their symptoms of depression and anxiety than the TAU group by the end of treatment and at follow-up. Furthermore, the TAU?+?BTB group had a significantly higher percentage of participants who met criteria for clinically significant improvement in their symptoms of depression by the end of treatment and at follow-up. CONCLUSION: Although further research is required, including a randomised controlled trial, the results of this initial pilot study provide evidence that BTB may offer an acceptable and effective treatment option for older people. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. HubMed – depression



Depress Anxiety. 2013 Mar 11;
Marques L, Bui E, Leblanc N, Porter E, Robinaugh D, Dryman MT, Nadal-Vicens M, Worthington J, Simon N

BACKGROUND: Previous research has identified high rates of comorbid anxiety disorders among individuals presenting with primary CG. In the present study, we examined the prevalence of comorbid CG in bereaved primary anxiety disorder (AD) patients compared to bereaved healthy controls. We also examined the impairment associated with comorbid CG in AD. METHODS: Participants were 242 bereaved adults (mean (SD) age = 41.5 (13.1), 44.2% women) with a primary AD diagnosis, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; n = 57), panic disorder (PD; n = 49), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; n = 29), and generalized social anxiety disorder (GSAD; n = 107), as well as 155 bereaved healthy controls with no current DSM-IV Axis I diagnosis (mean (SD) age = 43.0 (13.6), 51.0% women). CG symptoms were measured using the 19-item inventory of complicated grief (ICG), with threshold CG defined as an ICG score of ?30. Quality of life and functional impairment were assessed with the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q) and the Range of Impaired Functioning Tool (LIFE-RIFT), respectively. RESULTS: Participants with primary ADs had significantly higher rates of threshold CG symptoms than bereaved controls (12.0% vs. 0.65%; Fisher’s Exact P < 0.001). Rates of threshold CG were significantly elevated for each AD when compared to bereaved controls. After adjustment for age, sex, education, and comorbid major depressive disorder, threshold CG was associated with lower quality of life (? = -0.140, P = 0.023) and greater impairment (? = 0.141, P = 0.035) among individuals with AD. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that threshold CG is of clinical relevance in bereaved individuals with a primary anxiety disorder. Screening for CG in patients with ADs may be warranted. HubMed – depression



Depress Anxiety. 2013 Mar 11;
Strawn JR, Wehry AM, Chu WJ, Adler CM, Eliassen JC, Cerullo MA, Strakowski SM, Delbello MP

BACKGROUND: Despite recent data implicating functional abnormalities in the neurocircuitry underlying emotional processing in pediatric anxiety disorders, little is known regarding neurostructural abnormalities within these systems. METHODS: Using voxel-based morphometry, gray and white matter volumes were compared in 15 medication-free adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; and no comorbid major depressive disorder) and 28 age- and sex-matched healthy comparison subjects. RESULTS: Compared to healthy adolescents, youth with GAD had larger gray matter volumes in the right precuneus and right precentral gyrus and decreased gray matter volumes in the left orbital gyrus and posterior cingulate. White matter volumes were decreased in the left medial and superior frontal gyrus and were increased in the left inferior temporal gyrus in youth with GAD relative to healthy subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with GAD, who are early in the course of their illness, exhibit abnormalities in neural structures that subserve threat appraisal, modulation of fear responses, attachment, and mentalization. HubMed – depression



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