Comparative Symptomatology of Burnout and Depression.

Comparative symptomatology of burnout and depression.

J Health Psychol. 2013 Mar 21;
Bianchi R, Boffy C, Hingray C, Truchot D, Laurent E

The link between burnout and depression remains unclear. In this study, we compared depressive symptoms in 46 burned-out workers, 46 outpatients experiencing a major depressive episode, and 453 burnout-free workers to test the distinctiveness of burnout as a clinical entity. Participants with burnout and major depressive episode reported similar, severe levels of overall depressive symptoms. The between-syndrome overlap was further verified for eight of the nine major depressive episode diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Our findings do not support the view hypothesizing that burnout and depression are separate entities and question the nosological added value of the burnout construct. HubMed – depression


Specific Traumatic Events during Childhood as Risk Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Development in Adults.

J Health Psychol. 2013 Mar 21;
Schoedl A, Costa M, Fossaluza V, Mari J, Mello M

To evaluate differences in early life events (ELE) on adult victims of severe interpersonal violence among patients who developed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and control group. Adult victims of interpersonal violence were evaluated to diagnose the presence of PTSD and ELE. 308 subjects were included, 141 in patient’s group (PTSD+) and 167 in control group (PSTD-). PTSD+ group had more severe PTSD, depressive symptoms and higher ETI scores than PTSD- group. Patients in PTSD+ group had a more frequent history of ELE. Some ELE were more significant for the development of this predisposition. HubMed – depression


Effectiveness of psychologically focused group interventions for Multiple Sclerosis: A review of the experimental literature.

J Health Psychol. 2013 Mar 21;
Firth N

Psychologically focused group interventions for multiple sclerosis were reviewed. Studies reviewed (14) were quantitative, experimental and involved a comparison group (control or other intervention). Compared with controls, psychologically focused group interventions achieved considerable improvements in depression and moderate improvements in self-efficacy and quality of life but little change in anxiety. Psychologically focused group interventions compared well with other interventions, although evidence was limited. Psychologically focused group intervention was less effective short term for depression than individual cognitive behavioural therapy or medication but comparable long term. Intervention heterogeneity made comparisons difficult. Specificity of effect is unclear. Limited evidence suggests psychologically focused group intervention is effective in improving certain outcomes. HubMed – depression


Bright light therapy for symptoms of anxiety and depression in focal epilepsy: randomised controlled trial.

Br J Psychiatry. 2013 Mar 21;
Baxendale S, O’Sullivan J, Heaney D

BACKGROUND: Bright light therapy is an effective treatment for seasonal affective disorder and non-seasonal depression. Depression and anxiety are common psychiatric comorbidities in epilepsy. AIMS: To examine the efficacy of bright light therapy for symptoms of anxiety and depression in adults with focal epilepsy (trial registration at NCT01028456). METHOD: We recruited 101 adults with medically intractable focal epilepsy. Participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) at the beginning (T1) and end of a 12-week baseline period (T2) and again after 12 weeks of daily light therapy (T3), with 51 participants using a high-intensity light box and 50 using a low-intensity one. Seizure diaries were kept throughout the baseline and trial period. RESULTS: A total of 58 patients completed the trial. Anxiety and depression scores were significantly reduced following the light therapy at T3 in both the high- and low-intensity groups. CONCLUSIONS: Light therapy resulted in a significant reduction in symptoms of anxiety and depression but we did not find any differences between high- v. low-intensity treatment. This may, therefore, be an effective treatment for symptoms of low mood in epilepsy at lower intensities than those typically used to treat seasonal affective disorder. Further work is needed to investigate this possibility with an adequate placebo condition. HubMed – depression