[Comorbidity and Characteristic of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Anorexia Nervosa].

[Comorbidity and characteristic of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in anorexia nervosa].

Psychiatr Pol. 2012 Nov-Dec; 46(6): 1019-28
B?achno M, Bry?ska A

There is constant interest in possible relations between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and eating disorders, particularly anorexia nervosa (AN). The comorbidity rate for OCD and AN is reported to be between 10% and even 40%. There is also an increased incidence of prior AN in OCD patients and high number of anorectic patients with obsessional premorbid personality. Similarities between AN and OCD lie in the symptoms of the disorders: intrusive, fearful thoughts, a compulsive need to perform rituals aimed at reducing the level of anxiety and obsessions maintaining these rituals. In case of AN, these behaviours revolve around food and thinness, whereas in OCD they are of more general and differential in type. Research on AN-OCD relations provides interesting insights, but also presents some limitations. The purpose of this review is to analyse and discuss the specificity of relations between symptoms of AN and OCD. HubMed – eating


Sugar intake is correlated with adiposity and obesity indicators and sedentary lifestyle in Brazilian individuals with morbid obesity.

Nutr Hosp. 2012 Oct; 27(5): 1547-53
Penatti MI, Lira FS, Katashima CK, Rosa JC, Pimentel GD

Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by increased accumulation of body fat. We evaluated the socioeconomic aspects, body composition, risk of metabolic complications associated with obesity, eating habits and lifestyle in both women and men adults and elderly with body mass index (BMI) 40 kg/m². Among the subjects studied, 79% (n = 32) are female, 5% (n = 2) smokers, 39% (n = 16) use alcohol and only 24% (n = 10) are practitioners of physical exercise. The higher food intake was breads, followed by rice. The daily intake of fruits and vegetables is low. Positive correlation between consumption of sugar and BMI and abdominal circumference (AC) was observed. In summary, was found that morbidly obese patients that looking for nutritional counseling presents increased body fat, poor eating habits and sedentary lifestyle. HubMed – eating


[Success factors in public healthy eating campaigns: a case study].

Nutr Hosp. 2012 Oct; 27(5): 1536-41
Aschemann-Witzel J, Pérez-Cueto FJ, Strand M, Verbeke W, Bech-Larsen T

Introduction: Public campaigns and interventions are rarely fully evaluated regarding their effectiveness. The analysis of past, successful activities can contribute to the future development of public campaigns and interventions for healthier eating. Objectives: The study of public campaigns and interventions for healthier eating aimed at identifying the underlying success factors and describing their relation. Methods: Interviews were conducted with representatives of 11 cases that had been identified as especially successful in an earlier research step. The interviews were analysed with regard to possible success factors and the latter used to develop a model of success factor interrelation. Results: It was found that success of the cases was first, attributed to characteristics of the macro environment or to public private partnerships in the initiation of campaigns, second, to the engagement of social communities, elements of empowerment of the target group and the implementation of social marketing measures, and thirdly, in citizens adoption of the campaign and in accompanying structural changes. Conclusions: The model and identified success factors underline that success can stem from three crucial phases: the set up of a campaign, the conduction and finally, the interrelation with the citizen. The model can serve as a guide in the future development of campaigns. HubMed – eating


[Influence of weight loss in the clinical evolution, metabolic and psychological of the patients with overweight or obesity].

Nutr Hosp. 2012 Oct; 27(5): 1480-8
Piñera MJ, Arrieta FJ, Alcaraz-Cebrián F, Botella-Carretero JI, Calañas A, Balsa JA, Zamarrón I, Vázquez C

Introduction and objective: The clinical evolution and psychological well-being of patients with overweight or obesity is still a matter of controversy. The aim of this study is to know the impact of the loss of weight on the evolution of the alterations both clinical and metabolic as psychological in patients with overweight or obesity. Patients and method: We studied a cohort of 192 patients randomly chosen. All of them were characterized clinically and biochemically. Autoadministered questionnaires were used which were already validated in the Spanish population:the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), and bulimia subescale, the Eating Disorder Inventary (EDI). For the statistical analysis using the statistical program SPSS 15.0. Data are expressed as mean (standard deviation). Results: The weight loss was 3.77 (4.85) kilograms, equivalent to a 3.8 (4.86)% of the total weight, the diameter of the waist was reduced by 3.78 (5.89) centimeters, systolic blood pressure was reduced by 3.36 (15.61) mmHg and diastolic in 2.15 (11.26) mmHg. We also found a decreased significantly of glucose levels 7.37(21.23) mg/dl, insulin levels 2.773 (8.749) IU/ml, HOMA-IR index 0.925 (2.728), triglycerides 12.59 (82.95) mg/dl and uric acid 0.172 (1.13) mg/dl. The basal score of the GHQ-28 was pathological in 44,8% of the studied patients, and after six months of treatment, it improved in 20,8% of the patients (p < 0,001). The EDI bulimia subscale score at the beginning of the treatment was 1,02 (SD 1,91), improving after six months of treatment to 0,65 (SD 1,49) p < 0,002. Conclusion: The decrease in weight improves not only clinical parameters and biochemical cardiovascular risk and insulin resistance, but also improves the scale score Goldberg, with higher impact on those with worse baseline GHQ-28 scores. HubMed – eating