Biological Evaluation of RBx-0128, a Potent and Selective Dipeptidyl Peptidase-IV Inhibitor in Type 2 Diabetes Genetic Model.

Biological evaluation of RBx-0128, a potent and selective dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitor in type 2 diabetes genetic model.

Filed under: Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation

Indian J Pharmacol. 2012 Nov; 44(6): 759-64
Davis JA, Kumar PS, Singh S, Surender A, Roy S, Khanna V, Sethi S, Pal C, Sharma L, Benjamin B, Mittra S, Sattigeri J, Bansal VS

Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibition to modulate the incretin effect is a proven strategy to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. The present study describes the pharmacological profile of a novel DPP-IV inhibitor RBx-0128, as an antidiabetic agent.DPP-IV assay was carried out to evaluate in vitro potency of RBx-0128 using human, mouse, and rat plasma as an enzyme source. Selectivity was assessed with various serine proteases. In vivo efficacy was assessed in ob/ob mice. The pharmacokinetic (PK) profile was performed in Wistar rats.RBx-0128 inhibited human, mouse, and rat plasma DPP-IV activity with IC(50) values of 10.6, 18.1, and 56.0 nM respectively, selective over various serine proteases (900-9000-fold). The inhibition was reversible and competitive in nature. In ob/ob mice, RBx-0128 significantly (P < 0.05) inhibited plasma DPP-IV and stimulated GLP-1 and insulin at 10 mg/kg. In the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glucose lowering effect was better than sitagliptin (23 vs. 17%) at 10 mg/kg. The effect was sustained till 8 hours (30-35%) at 10 mg/kg with favorable PK profile (plasma clearance: 39.3 ml/min/kg; C(max) 790 ng/ml; t(1/2) 1.6 hours; t(max) 4.8 hours, V(ss) 3.24 l/kg and F(oral) 55%) in Wistar rats.The present study showed that RBx-0128 is a novel, DPP-IV inhibitor with an antihyperglycemic effect. It can be a promising candidate for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. HubMed – drug


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