Bacillus Cereus Fasciitis: A Unique Pathogen and Clinically Challenging Sequela of Inoculation.

Bacillus cereus Fasciitis: A Unique Pathogen and Clinically Challenging Sequela of Inoculation.

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2013 Jan; 42(1): 37-9
Rosenbaum A, Papaliodis D, Alley M, Lisella J, Flaherty M

Bacillus cereus is an aerobic, spore-forming, gram-positive rod. It has historically been associated with “fried rice syndrome,” a foodborne diarrheal and emetic illness resulting from eating fried rice dishes that have been sitting at room temperature for hours. We report the case of a 9-year-old boy who developed culture-positive B cereus fasciitis of the right lower extremity after being impaled on a tree branch. This case report further elucidates and emphasizes the importance of recognizing B cereus as a possible cause of severe soft-tissue infection. It must be included in the differential diagnosis of gas gangrene and necrotizing fasciitis. HubMed – eating


Stages of Change Model for Participation in Physical Activity during Pregnancy.

J Pregnancy. 2013; 2013: 193170
Haakstad LA, Voldner N, Bø K

Background. The transtheoretical model (TTM) has been successful in promoting health behavioral change in the general population. However, there is a scant knowledge about physical activity in relation to the TTM during pregnancy. Hence, the aims of the present study were (1) to assess readiness to become or stay physically active according to the TTM and (2) to compare background and health variables across the TTM. Methods. Healthy pregnant women (n = 467) were allocated to the study from Oslo University Hospital, Norway. The participants filled in a validated self-administered questionnaire, physical activity pregnancy questionnaire (PAPQ) in gestation, weeks 32-36. The questionnaire contained 53 questions with one particular question addressing the TTM and the five stages: (1) precontemplation stage, (2) contemplation stage, (3) preparation stage, (4) action stage, and (5) maintenance stage. Results. More than half of the participants (53%) were involved in regular exercise (stages 4-5); however, only six specified that they had recently started an exercise program (stage 4). About 33% reported engaging in some physical activity, but not regularly (stage 3). The results showed that receiving advice from health professionals to exercise during pregnancy increased the likeliness of being in stages 4-5, while higher age, multiparity, pregravid overweight, unhealthy eating habits, pelvic girdle pain, and urinary incontinence were more prevalent with low readiness to change exercise habits (stages 1-3). Conclusion. According to the TTM, more than half of the participants reported to be physically active. Moreover, most of the participants classified as inactive showed a high motivational readiness or intention to increase their physical activity level. Hence, pregnancy may be a window of opportunity for the establishment of long-term physical activity habits. HubMed – eating


Food Stress in Adelaide: The Relationship between Low Income and the Affordability of Healthy Food.

J Environ Public Health. 2013; 2013: 968078
Ward PR, Verity F, Carter P, Tsourtos G, Coveney J, Wong KC

Healthy food is becoming increasingly expensive, and families on low incomes face a difficult financial struggle to afford healthy food. When food costs are considered, families on low incomes often face circumstances of poverty. Housing, utilities, health care, and transport are somewhat fixed in cost; however food is more flexible in cost and therefore is often compromised with less healthy, cheaper food, presenting an opportunity for families on low incomes to cut costs. Using a “Healthy Food Basket” methodology, this study costed a week’s supply of healthy food for a range of family types. It found that low-income families would have to spend approximately 30% of household income on eating healthily, whereas high-income households needed to spend about 10%. The differential is explained by the cost of the food basket relative to household income (i.e., affordability). It is argued that families that spend more than 30% of household income on food could be experiencing “food stress.” Moreover the high cost of healthy foods leaves low-income households vulnerable to diet-related health problems because they often have to rely on cheaper foods which are high in fat, sugar, and salt. HubMed – eating



Eating Disorders – Eating disorders, including Bulimia are instigated, controlled and run by the Subconscious mind, which is emotionally driven. Therapy or intervention to change the behaviour needs to work with the subconscious mind. Hypnotherapy, NLP and EFT do just that.