Attention Bias Modification: A New Approach to the Treatment of Eating Disorders?

Attention bias modification: A new approach to the treatment of eating disorders?

Int J Eat Disord. 2013 Jul; 46(5): 496-500
Renwick B, Campbell IC, Schmidt U

HubMed – eating


Are we really paddling as fast as we can? reflections on why eating disorders treatment and research always seem to be one step behind: Commentary on hay, mitchell, and stice & becker: Prevention and treatment.

Int J Eat Disord. 2013 Jul; 46(5): 489-91
Bulik CM

HubMed – eating


Eating disorder prevention: Current evidence-base and future directions.

Int J Eat Disord. 2013 Jul; 46(5): 478-85
Stice E, Becker CB, Yokum S

OBJECTIVE: This narrative review sought to (a) characterize prevention programs that have produced reliable, reproducible, and clinically meaningful effects in efficacy trials, (b) discuss effectiveness trials that have tested whether prevention programs produce intervention effects under ecologically valid real-world conditions, (c) discuss dissemination efforts and research on dissemination, and (d) offer suggestions regarding directions for future research in this field. CONCLUSION: A literature revealed that 6 prevention programs have produced significant reductions in eating disorder symptoms through at least 6-month follow-up and that 2 have significantly reduced future eating disorder onset. Effectiveness trials indicate that 2 prevention programs have produced effects under ecologically valid conditions that are only slightly attenuated. Although there have been few dissemination efforts, evidence suggests that a community participatory approach is most effective. Lastly, it would be useful to develop programs that produce larger and more persistent reductions in eating disorder symptoms and eating disorder onset, focus more on effectiveness trials that confirm that prevention programs produce clinically meaningful effects under real-world conditions, conduct meditational, mechanisms of action, and moderator research that provides stronger support for the intervention theory of prevention programs, and investigate the optimal methods of disseminating and implementing evidence-based prevention programs. © 2013 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2013; 46:478-485). HubMed – eating


Biological therapies for eating disorders.

Int J Eat Disord. 2013 Jul; 46(5): 470-7
Mitchell JE, Roerig J, Steffen K

To provide a comprehensive review of pharmacotherapy and other biological treatments for eating disorders.Literature on this topic was systematically reviewed.The bulimia nervosa (BN) literature underscores the utility of antidepressants, particularly SSRIs, in improving the symptoms of the disorder. The literature on binge eating disorder supports efficacy on reduction in binge eating frequency for a variety of compounds. However, such compounds have only modest effects on weight. Certain antiepileptic agents such as topiramate, if tolerated, are probably more useful in terms of weight loss. The number of controlled trials in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) in particular has been quite small, and recent meta-analyses show disappointing results using atypical antipsychotics in AN.The pharmacological treatment of eating disorders remains an underdeveloped field although drug therapy clearly plays a role in the treatment of those with BN and binge eating disorder. Other biological therapies have not been adequately studied. © 2013 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2013; 46:470-477). HubMed – eating