An Essential Requirement for the Licensing of New Antibiotics Is the Provision of Data on Efficacy and Safety Obtained From Clinical Trials in Which Patients Are Randomized to Receive Either the Experimental Drug or a Comparator Antibiotic Regarded as a Standard Treatment Option. Preface.

An essential requirement for the licensing of new antibiotics is the provision of data on efficacy and safety obtained from clinical trials in which patients are randomized to receive either the experimental drug or a comparator antibiotic regarded as a standard treatment option. Preface.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013 Jul; 68 Suppl 2: ii1
Johnson AP, Leibovici L

HubMed – drug

Phenotypic characterization and PCR-Ribotypic profile of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from cystic fibrosis patients in Iran.

Adv Biomed Res. 2013; 2: 18
Fazeli H, Akbari R, Moghim S, Esfahani BN

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is the most common pathogen in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) that shows various resistance to antibiotics, acquires mucoidity and multiple genotypes. This survey was performed to study phenotypic and genotypic variations among P. aeruginosa isolates in CF patients at Alzahra Hospital in Isfahan, Iran.The isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from CF patients at Alzahra Hospital was identified by appropriate biochemical and microscopic tests, then performed antibiotic resistance tests and mucoid colony morphotyping. The genum of isolates extracted and confirmed on 16S rDNA-based PCR assay and typed on 16S rDNA-23SrDNA spacer, restricted with Hinf1 restriction enzyme.P. aeruginosa was isolated from 21 of the 59 CF patients (35.5%), Out of 21 isolates 9 (42.8%) strains were revealed mucoid morphotype. 81.8% isolates of mucoid strains were resistance to at least one of four antibiotics (GM, AN, PIP and CP). Most of the isolates (86%) showed resistance to ceftazidime. Ribotyping revealed two patterns (P1, P5).The isolates of P. aeruginosa showed meaningful difference between drug resistance to antibiotics. The majority of P. aeruginosa isolated from CF patients showed pattern1 of PCR-Ribotyping. HubMed – drug

Comparison of effectiveness and safety of Iranian-made vs. Indian-made imatinib in treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia.

Adv Biomed Res. 2013; 2: 17
Moshfeghi K, Nazemzadeh N, Mehrzad V, Hajiannejad A, Esmaili F

Currently, imatinib is the drug of choice for initiation of medical treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase. The current study was carried out to compare effectiveness and safety of Iranian vs. Indian imatinib.The clinical study was performed on newly diagnosed CML patients in Seyyed-oShohada Hospital (Isfahan) and Khansari Hospital (Arak) from January to June 2011. The control group consisted of CML patients who received Indian imatinib previously. The drug was initiated with the dose of 400 mg daily. The patients were followed for six months, and the treatment outcomes (WBC <10(4)) and molecular response. Finally, the two groups were compared in these respects.We evaluated 43 patients in each group. The hematological and molecular responses for the Iranian Imatinib were respectively 86.0% and 46.5%, while the rates were respectively 86.0 and 44.2% for the Indian imatinib. The two groups were similar with regard to the treatment outcome. The two groups were not significantly different with regard to the drug adverse effects.According to the findings, the Iranian imatinib is not different from the Indian drug in the hematological and molecular responses in treatment of the chronic phase of CML patients. Furthermore, the adverse effects of the two kinds were not significantly different. Compared with the results of other studies, the effectiveness of Iranian imatinib is equivalent to the Indian drug can be employed for treatment of CML patients in the chronic phase. HubMed – drug