All-Epiphyseal, All-Inside Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Technique for Skeletally Immature Patients.

All-epiphyseal, all-inside anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction technique for skeletally immature patients.

Arthrosc Tech. 2012 Dec; 1(2): e231-9
McCarthy MM, Graziano J, Green DW, Cordasco FA

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are an increasingly recognized problem in the juvenile population. Unfortunately, outcomes with conservative treatment are extremely poor. Adult reconstruction techniques are inappropriate to treat skeletally immature patients because of the risk of physeal complications, including limb-length discrepancy and angular deformities. “Physeal-sparing” reconstruction techniques exist, but their ability to restore knee stability is not well understood. We describe an all-epiphyseal ACL reconstruction for use in skeletally immature patients. This is an all-inside technique with the femoral tunnel drilled retrograde and the tibial tunnel drilled retrograde; both tunnels are entirely within the epiphysis. Fixation of the hamstring autograft is achieved with soft-tissue buttons on both the femur and tibia. We present case examples for 2 patients who underwent the all-inside, all-epiphyseal reconstruction and our postoperative rehabilitation protocol. We present a novel surgical technique for an all-inside, all-epiphyseal ACL reconstruction in skeletally immature patients. HubMed – rehab


ORV Arthroscopic Transosseous Bony Bankart Repair.

Arthrosc Tech. 2012 Dec; 1(2): e193-9
Myer DM, Caldwell PE

The arthroscopic treatment of the “bony Bankart lesion” continues to evolve. We present a novel technique that we developed at Orthopaedic Research of Virginia, the “transosseous bony Bankart repair,” which incorporates several essential concepts to provide for optimal healing and rehabilitation. We promote arthroscopic repair emphasizing bone preservation, a fracture interface without interposing sutures, the ability to reduce capsular volume, and multiple points of stable glenolabral fixation. Our technique positions suture anchors within the subchondral bone of the intact glenoid to allow for an anatomic reduction of the bony fragment. By use of an arthroscopic drill, spinal needle, and nitinol suture passing wire, the sutures are passed in a retrograde fashion through the bony Bankart fragment and anterior capsule in a mattress configuration. Additional inferior and superior anchors are placed to further provide stability and reduce capsular volume. While maximizing fracture surface area and optimizing bony healing, the end result is an anatomic reduction of the bony fragment and the glenoid articular surface. HubMed – rehab


Arthroscopic ligamentum teres reconstruction using semitendinosus tendon: surgical technique and an unusual outcome.

Arthrosc Tech. 2012 Dec; 1(2): e169-74
Amenabar T, O’Donnell J

Although the exact biomechanical function of the ligamentum teres (LT) remains unclear, an important role in hip stability has been suggested. In some patients, perhaps because of their specific anatomy or physical activity, it seems to have a major function as a hip stabilizer. Therefore, after a complete LT tear, this group of patients may have persistent hip pain and mechanical symptoms probably related to microinstability and subtle subluxation. We present the case of a female patient with a complete LT tear. This had been treated by debridement and anterior capsule tightening, followed by prolonged rehabilitation. However, she had persistent symptoms. An LT reconstruction with a novel surgical technique was performed. The LT was reconstructed with double-stranded semitendinosus graft. The acetabular end was fixed with 2 anchors, and the femoral end was passed into a bone tunnel and fixed with an interference screw. After surgery, the patient’s modified Harris Hip Score and Non-Arthritic Hip Score improved from 53 and 73 to 100 and 95, respectively, at 12 months of follow-up. At repeat arthroscopy 15 months after surgery, it was observed that the graft had resorbed, although the 2 Ticron stitches (Covidien, Mansfield, MA) remained firmly attached and were still acting as a small synthetic ligament. HubMed – rehab



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