[A New Method of Calibration and Positioning in Quantitative Analysis of Multicomponents by Single Marker].

[A new method of calibration and positioning in quantitative analysis of multicomponents by single marker].

Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2012 Dec; 47(12): 1653-9
He B, Yang SY, Zhang Y

This paper aims to establish a new method of calibration and positioning in quantitative analysis of multicomponents by single marker (QAMS), using Shuanghuanglian oral liquid as the research object. Establishing relative correction factors with reference chlorogenic acid to other 11 active components (neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, cafferic acid, forsythoside A, scutellarin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C, baicalin and phillyrin wogonoside) in Shuanghuanglian oral liquid by 3 correction methods (multipoint correction, slope correction and quantitative factor correction). At the same time chromatographic peak was positioned by linear regression method. Only one standard uas used to determine the content of 12 components in Shuanghuanglian oral liquid, in stead of needing too many reference substance in quality control. The results showed that within the linear ranges, no significant differences were found in the quantitative results of 12 active constituents in 3 batches of Shuanghuanglian oral liquid determined by 3 correction methods and external standard method (ESM) or standard curve method (SCM). And this method is simpler and quicker than literature methods. The results were accurate and reliable, and had good reproducibility. While the positioning chromatographic peaks by linear regression method was more accurate than relative retention time in literature. The slope and the quantitative factor correction controlling the quality of Chinese traditional medicine is feasible and accurate. HubMed – drug


[Screening and characterization of aptamers of Cepsilon3-Cepsilon4 protein].

Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2012 Dec; 47(12): 1605-11
Liu ZC, Zhao LJ, Zhang YF, Shi HL, Xie Y

In order to obtain nucleotides aptamers bind to IgE, 80 bp nucleotides single-stranded DNA library containing 40 random nucleotides was designed and synthesized. Oligonucleotides that bind to human Cepsilon3-Cepsilon4 protein were isolated from ssDNA pools by the systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) method using nitrocellulose filters as screening medium. Through the optimization of critical PCR and asymmetric PCR parameters including annealing temperature, cycles, and molar ratios of target protein and ssDNA etc, a suitable screening system was established. The aptamers of Cepsilon3-Cepsilon4 protein with high affinity and high specificity were identified by ELISA with biotin-streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase system, and its primary sequence and second structure were analyzed by DNAMAN package and DNA folding sever after being cloned and sequenced. Moreover, target protein was bound to one aptamer and another aptamer modified with biotion together forming a sandwich-like complex, which was captured in microwell to detect IgE concentration using the optimal combination in the sandwich method named enzyme-linked aptamers sorption assay (ELASA). The method could be used for the quantitative detection of human IgE, and whose sensitivity reached to 120 ng x mL(-1). HubMed – drug


[Establishment of BCRP expressed pig kidney cell line LLC-PK1/BCRP and its biological profile].

Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2012 Dec; 47(12): 1599-604
Tian Y, Qu BX, Yao Y, Zeng S

To establish a pig kidney cell line LLC-PK1/BCRP in which human breast cancer resistance protein was highly expressed, the expression vector pcDNA3.1(+)-BCRP which contained BCRP gene was constructed and transfected into LLC-PKI cells via liposomes. After selecting with G418, population doubling time, flow cytometry and Western blotting analysis were used to evaluate the cell line. MTT assays were employed to determine the drug resistance index of mitoxantrone and doxorubicin. Invert fluorescent microscope was used to observe the efflux of fluorescence dye Hoechst 33342 by BCRP, furthermore, the BCRP’s inhibitor GF120918 was applied to reverse the efflux of Hoechst 33342. The experiment results showed that the expression of BCRP protein increased in LLC-PK1/BCRP cell. The population doubling time of LLC-PK1/BCRP cell was a little longer than that of the parental cell LLC-PK1. The resistance indexes to mitoxantrone and doxorubicin were 51.95 and 6.09 times, respectively, higher than LLC-PK1 cell. The efflux of Hoechst 33342 was significantly enhanced and could be reversed by GF120918. So a LLC-PK1/BCRP cell line was established, which highly expressed BCRP protein successfully. This cell line could be a valuable model to further investigate the biological profile of BCRP and select the substrate and inhibitor of BCRP. HubMed – drug


[Antibacterial activity and mechanism of baicalein].

Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2012 Dec; 47(12): 1587-92
Yun BY, Zhou L, Xie KP, Wang YJ, Xie MJ

Baicalein (BAI) is an effective bactericide. The antibacterial activity and mechanism experiments were carried out by determining conductivity and content of macromolecules of membrane penetrability, the oxidative respiratory metabolism and protein synthesis changes and the inhibition of DNA topoisomerase activities. Electrical conductivity and the number of large molecules of BAI increased 2.48% and 1.8%, respectively, than that of the control. However, the membrane integrity did not destroyed by BAI directly. With BAI treatment, inhibition rates of activities for SDH and MDH were 56.2% and 57.4%, respectively, demonstrating that BAI could inhibit cell respiratory. After treated with BAI for 20 h, the total soluble content of proteins decreased by 42.83%. Moreover, the activities of DNA topoisomerase I and II were inhibited completely by 0.2 mmol x L(-1) BAI. These results indicated that BAI had obvious antibacterial activity on Staphylococcus aureus. The mechanism is that it could affect bacterial membrane penetrability, inhibit protein synthesis and influence SDH, MDH and DNA topoisomerase I and II activities to exert its antibacterial functions. HubMed – drug