A Pilot Study of Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Alcohol-Dependent Women With Co-Occurring Major Depression.

A Pilot Study of Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Alcohol-Dependent Women With Co-Occurring Major Depression.

Subst Abus. 2013 July-September; 34(3): 233-241
Gamble SA, Talbot NL, Cashman-Brown SM, He H, Poleshuck EL, Connors GJ, Conner KR

ABSTRACT. Background: Co-occurring major depression is prevalent among alcohol-dependent women and is a risk factor for poor treatment outcomes. This uncontrolled pilot study tested the feasibility, acceptability, and initial effects of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for women with co-occurring alcohol dependence and major depression (AD-MD) in an outpatient community addiction treatment program. Methods: Fourteen female patients with concurrent diagnoses of alcohol dependence and major depression participated. Assessments were conducted at baseline, midtreatment (8 and 16 weeks), posttreatment (24 weeks), and follow-up (32 weeks). Results: Participants attended a mode of 8 out of 8 possible sessions of IPT in addition to their routine addiction care, and reported high treatment satisfaction on the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8. Women’s drinking behavior, depressive symptoms, and interpersonal functioning improved significantly over the treatment period and were sustained at follow-up. Conclusions: These preliminary findings suggest that IPT is a feasible, highly acceptable adjunctive behavioral intervention for AD-MD women. HubMed – addiction

The epidemiology of substance use among street children in resource-constrained settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Addiction. 2013 Jul 12;
Embleton L, Mwangi A, Vreeman R, Ayuku D, Braitstein P

To compile and analyze critically the literature published on street children and substance use in resource-constrained settings.We searched the literature systematically and used meta-analytical procedures to synthesize literature that met the review’s inclusion criteria. Pooled-prevalence estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using the random-effects model for life-time substance use by geographical region as well as by type of substance used.Fifty studies from 22 countries were included into the review. Meta-analysis of combined life-time substance use from 27 studies yielded an overall drug use pooled-prevalence estimate of 60% (95% CI?=?51-69%). Studies from 14 countries contributed to an overall pooled prevalence for street children’s reported inhalant use of 47% (95% CI?=?36-58%). This review reveals significant gaps in the literature, including a dearth of data on physical and mental health outcomes, HIV and mortality in association with street children’s substance use.Street children from resource-constrained settings reported high life-time substance use. Inhalants are the predominant substances used, followed by tobacco, alcohol and marijuana. HubMed – addiction

Commentary on Szatkowski & McNeill (2013): Where the smokers are.

Addiction. 2013 Aug; 108(8): 1495-1496
Guydish J

HubMed – addiction

Commentary on Pine-Abata et?al. (2013): Cessation guideline-to develop or not to develop? A question for each developing country.

Addiction. 2013 Aug; 108(8): 1485-1486
Wen CP, Tsai MK, Hsu CC

HubMed – addiction

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